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Title: Comprehensive analysis of miRNA expression in T-cell subsets of Rheumatoid arthritis patients and healthy controls reveals defined miRNA signatures of naive and memory Tregs      
dateReleased:
01-22-2014
description:
Disturbed expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in regulatory T-cells (Tregs) leads to development of autoimmunity in experimental mouse models. However, the miRNA expression signature characterizing Tregs of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has not been determined yet. Moreover, the technical limitations prevented the analysis of such minute T-cell population as naive and memory Tregs. In this study we have used a microarray approach to comprehensively analyze miRNA expression signatures of naive Tregs (CD4+CD45RO-CD25++), memory Tregs (CD4+CD45RO+CD25+++), as well as conventional naive (CD4+CD45RO-CD25-) and memory (CD4+CD45RO+CD25-) T-cells (Tconvs) derived from peripheral blood of RA patients, and matched healthy controls. Differential expression of selected miRNAs was validated by TaqMan-based qRT-PCR. We found a positive correlation between increased expression of miR-451 in T-cells of RA patients and disease activity score (DAS28), ESR levels, and serum levels of IL-6. Moreover, we found characteristic, disease and treatment independent, global miRNA expression signatures defining naive Tregs, memory Tregs, naive Tconvs and memory Tconvs. The analysis allowed us to define miRNAs characteristic for a general naive phenotype (e.g. miR-92a), a general memory phenotype (e.g. miR-21, miR-155), and most importantly miRNAs specifically expressed in both naive and memory Tregs, defining as such the Treg phenotype (i.e. miR-146a, miR-3162, miR-1202, miR-1246a, and miR-4281). MicroRNA profiling was performed in four CD4+ T-cell subsets: naive Tconventional (CD3+CD8-CD45RO-CD25-), naive Tregulatory (CD3+CD8-CD45RO-CD25+), memory Tconventional (CD3+CD8-CD45RO+CD25-), and memory Tregulatory (CD3+CD8-CD45RO+CD25+) derived from 2 healthy controls, and 6 rheumatoid arthritis patients (total n=8).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-50646
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
50646
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-13-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-16770
name:
Agilent-031181 Unrestricted_Human_miRNA_V16.0_Microarray (miRBase release 16.0 miRNA ID version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-50646/E-GEOD-50646.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-50646/E-GEOD-50646.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE50646
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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