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Title: Regulation of the raffinose and melezitose utilization operons of B. breve UCC2003      
dateReleased:
04-20-2014
description:
Members of the genus Bifidobacterium are Gram-positive bacteria which are commonly found in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of mammals, including humans. Growth of bifidobacteria has been shown to be selectively stimulated by various carbohydrates found in the human diet. To extend our understanding of the regulation of bifidobacterial carbohydrate utilization systems, we investigated the regulation of two carbohydrate utilisation clusters dedicated to the metabolism of raffinose type sugars and melezitose. Transcriptomic and functional genomic approaches clearly identified that the raffinose utilisation system is positively regulated by the activator RafR, while the melezitose utilisation system is negatively regulated by lacI type transcriptional regulators. A B. breve UCC2003-rafR insertion mutant was incapable of utilising raffinose containing sugars or melibiose as a sole carbohydrate source, while the UCC2003-lacI1 and UCC2003-lacI2 insertion mutants retained their ability to utilise melezitose as a sole carbohydrate source. In silico analysis and DNA/protein interaction studies revealed a novel conserved 22 bp palindromic sequence as the RafR binding operator sequence in the rafB promoter region. Within the melezitose utilisation cluster a 20bp palindromic sequence for the melA promoter region and a 24bp palindromic sequence for the Bbr_1863 promoter region DNA-microarrays containing oligonucleotide primers representing each of the 1864 annotated genes on the genome of B. breve UCC2003 (O'Connell Motherway et al., 2011) were designed by and obtained from Agilent Technologies (Palo Alto, Ca., USA). Methods for cell disruption, RNA isolation, RNA quality control, complementary DNA synthesis and labeling were performed as described previously (Pokusaeva et al., 2009). Labeled cDNA was hybridized using the Agilent Gene Expression hybridization kit (part number 5188-5242) as described in the Agilent Two-Color Microarray-Based Gene Expression Analysis v4.0 manual (G4140-90050). Following hybridization, microarrays were washed in accordance with Agilent’s standard procedures and scanned using an Agilent DNA microarray scanner (model G2565A). Generated scans were converted to data files with Agilent's Feature Extraction software (Version 9.5). DNA-microarray data were processed as previously described (Garcia De La Nava et al., 2003). Differential expression tests were performed with the Cyber-T implementation of a variant of the t-test (Long et al., 2001). A gene was considered differentially expressed when p < 0.001 and an expression ratio of >3 or <0.33 relative to the control.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-50211
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
50211
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003
ID:
A-GEOD-8878
name:
Bifidobacterium breve UCC2003 Agilent 2x11K format
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-50211/E-GEOD-50211.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-50211/E-GEOD-50211.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE50211
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress