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Title: Expression analysis of Kasumi-1 cells treated with or without FTY720      
dateReleased:
04-30-2014
description:
The clinical outcomes of M2 subtype Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML-M2) with t(8;21) are poor. Here we report that FTY720 (Fingolimod), a sphingosine analogue and an FDA approved drug for treatment of multiple sclerosis, showed great antitumorigenic activity against Kasumi-1 cell line, xenograft mouse model and leukemic blasts isolated from AML-M2 with t(8;21) patients. Primary investigation indicated that FTY720 caused cell apoptosis through caspase and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) activation. Transcriptomic profiling further revealed that FTY720 treatment could upregulate AML1 target genes and interfere with genes involved in ceramide synthesis. FTY720 treatment led to the elimination of AML1-ETO oncoprotein and caused cell cycle arrest. More importantly, FTY720 treatment resulted in rapid and significant increment of pro-apoptotic ceramide levels, determined by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS (high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry) based lipidomic approaches. Additionally, structural simulation model indicated that the directly binding of ceramide to inhibitor 2 of PP2A (I2PP2A) could reactivate PP2A and cause cell death. This study demonstrates, for the first time, that accumulation of ceramide plays a central role in FTY720 induced cell death of AML-M2 with t(8;21). Targeting sphingolipid metabolism by using FTY720 may provide novel insight into drug development for AML-M2 treatment. A six chip study using total RNA recovered from three separate cultures of DMSO-treated Kasumi-1 cells and three separate cultures of FTY720-treated Kasumi-1 cells.Each chip measures the expression level of genes from DMSO-/FTY720-treated Kasumi-1 cells.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-55772
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
55772
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-15491
name:
NimbleGen Human Gene Expression 12x135K Array [2007-09-12_HG18_opt_expr, 070925_HG18_expr]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55772/E-GEOD-55772.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55772/E-GEOD-55772.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE55772
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress