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Title: Translational control through ribosome traffic jams and aborted protein synthesis      
dateReleased:
05-15-2014
description:
Translational control is a widespread mode of gene regulation in organisms ranging from bacteria to mammals. Computational models posit that translational control of protein expression during elongation is exerted through a traffic jam of multiple ribosomes at ribosome pause sites on mRNAs. Yet neither the in vivo frequency of ribosome traffic jams nor the contribution of such traffic jams to protein expression has been measured in any organism. Here we show that upon starvation for single amino acids in the bacterium Escherichia coli, ribosome traffic jams are pervasive across the transcriptome, but they occur at only a subset of codons cognate to the limiting amino acid, and their severity is determined by the translation efficiency of mRNAs. Surprisingly, a computational model based on the observed traffic jams at ribosome pause sites is quantitatively inconsistent with measured protein synthesis rates. By comparison, a model incorporating abortion of protein synthesis at ribosome pause sites in addition to ribosome traffic jams predicts protein synthesis rate with higher accuracy. Consistent with the latter model, a significant fraction of the nascent polypeptides at ribosome pause sites is degraded through the activity of the transfer-messenger RNA during amino acid starvation in E. coli. Our work provides a minimal, experimentally-constrained model for predicting protein expression from ribosome dynamics, and it suggests the existence of a trade-off between the cellular translational capacity and the processivity of protein synthesis in vivo. 6 samples for ribosome profiling and 5 samples for total mRNA profiling
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-51052
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
51052
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-09-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51052/E-GEOD-51052.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51052/E-GEOD-51052.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE51052
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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