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Title: Gene Expression in the Human Mammary Epithelium in response to consumption of high fat (H-FAT) and high carbohdyrate (H-CHO) diets      
dateReleased:
05-19-2014
description:
Mammary gland (MG) de novo lipogenesis contributes significantly to milk fat in animals but little is known in humans. We hypothesized that de novo lipogenesis, as reflected by incorporation of 13C carbons from [U-13C]glucose into fatty acids (FAs) and glycerol in triglycerides (TG), will be greater: a. in milk than plasma TG, b. during a high carbohydrate (H-CHO) diet than high fat (H-FAT) diet and c. during feeding than fasting. Healthy lactating women were studied on two isocaloric, isonitrogenous diets. On one occasion subjects received diets containing H-FAT or H-CHO diet for 1 week. Incorporation of 13C from infused [U-13C]glucose into FAs and glycerol was measured using GC/MS methodology and gene expression using RNA isolated from breast milk fat globule (MFG). Incorporation of 13C2 into milk FAs, increased with increased chain length of the FAs from C2:0 to C12:0 but progressively declined in C14:0 and C16:0 and was not detected in FAs >C16. During feeding, regardless of diets, enrichment of 13C2 in milk FA and 13C3 in milk glycerol were ~3 and ~7 fold higher compared to plasma FA and glycerol, respectively. Following an overnight fast during H-CHO and H-FAT diets study periods, 25% and 6%, respectively, of medium chain FAs (MCFAs, C6-C12) were derived from glucose but increased to 75% and 25% with feeding. The expression of genes involved in FA or glycerol synthesis pathways was unchanged regardless of diet or fast-fed conditions. Conclusions: The human MG is capable of de novo lipogenesis, of primarily MCFAs and glycerol, which is influenced by the macro-nutrient composition of the maternal diet. On day 7 of consumption of each of the two diets milk samples collected from 7 healthy, lean, exclusively breastfeeding women following an overnight fast and feeding conditions [7 x 2 x 2 = 28 samples] were processed for isotope enrichments and RNA isolation from the milk fat globules. The total RNA was utilized for microarray analyses.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-51874
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
51874
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-03-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-MEXP-931
name:
Illumina HumanRef-8 v2 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51874/E-GEOD-51874.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51874/E-GEOD-51874.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE51874
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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