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Title: Dehydration-induced endodormancy in crown buds of leafy spurge highlights roles for an RVE1-like homolog and hormone signaling cross-talk      
dateReleased:
05-31-2014
description:
New shoot growth from underground adventitious buds of leafy spurge is critical for survival of this invasive perennial weed after episodes of severe abiotic stress. Because global climate change is expected to increase abiotic stress, such as dehydration, objectives of this study include examining the impact that dehydration stress has on molecular mechanisms associated with vegetative reproduction. Greenhouse plants were exposed to mild- (3-day), intermediate- (7-day), severe- (14-day) and extended- (21-day) dehydration treatments, prior to decapitation of aerial tissue and rehydration of soil to induce new vegetative shoot growth. Compared to well-watered control plants, mild-dehydration accelerated new vegetative shoot growth but intermediate- and severe-dehydration treatments both delayed and reduced shoot growth, and 21-day dehydration treatment inhibited initiation of new vegetative shoots and was considered a lethal treatment. Overall, transcriptome profiles revealed that 2109 genes were differentially-expressed (P<0.05) in crown buds in response to the various dehydration treatments. Sub-network enrichment analyses identified central hubs of over-represented genes involved in processes such as hormone responses and signaling (e.g., ABA, auxin, ethylene, GA, and JA), response to abiotic stress (DREB1A/2A) and light (PIF3), phosphorylation (CLV1, MPK3/4/6, SOS2), gene silencing (miRNA156/172a), circadian regulation (CRY2, LHY, PHYA/B), and flowering (AGL8/20, AP2, FLC). Further, results from this and previous studies highlight HY5, MAF3, MYB-like/RVE1 and RD22 as molecular markers for endodormancy in crown buds of leafy spurge. Early response to dehydration also highlighted involvement of upstream ethylene and jasmonate signaling, whereas longer-term dehydration impacted ABA signaling. The identification of conserved ABRE- and MYC-consensus, cis-acting elements in the promoter of a leafy spurge gene similar to Arabidopsis MYB-like/RVE1 (AT5G17300) implicates a potential role for ABA signaling in its dehydration-induced expression. Response of these molecular mechanisms to dehydration-stress provides insights on the ability of invasive perennial weeds to adapt and survive under harsh environments, which provide new insights for addressing future management practices. Changes in transcript abundance for underground adventitious buds of leafy spurge which were exposed various levels of dehydration stress (Day-3, -7, -14, -16, -21) are analysed relative to controls (Day-0).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-55133
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
55133
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-10-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Euphorbia esula
ID:
A-GEOD-4655
name:
High density Euphorbia esula and Manihot esculenta array
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55133/E-GEOD-55133.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55133/E-GEOD-55133.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE55133
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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