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Title: Gene expression in peripheral mononuclear cells from septic patients secondary to community acquired pneumonia: patterns of gene expression and outcomes      
dateReleased:
06-20-2014
description:
Sepsis is defined as a systemic inflammatory response secondary to a proven or suspected infection. Mechanisms governing this inflammatory response have been shown to be complex and dynamic, involving cross-talking among diverse signaling pathways. However, current knowledge on mechanisms underlying sepsis is far from providing a complete picture of the syndrome, justifying additional efforts that might add to this scenario. Microarray-based expression profiling is a powerful approach for the investigation of complex clinical conditions such as sepsis: the analysis of gene transcription at the genome level potentially avoids results derived from biased assumptions. In this study we investigate whole-genome gene expression profiles of mononuclear cells from survivor and non-survivor septic patients. Blood samples were collected at the time of sepsis diagnosis and seven days later, allowing us to evaluate the role of biological processes or genes possibly involved in patient recovery. Aiming to circumvent, at least partially, the heterogeneity of septic patients we included only patients admitted with sepsis caused by community-acquired pneumonia. Global gene expression profiling allowed us to characterize early sepsis, as compared to healthy individuals. Our results corroborate literature reports on inflammation response in the early stages of sepsis but highlight great heterogeneity in gene expression during sepsis progress. Additionally, global gene expression in the early stage was also able to distinguish sepsis from septic shock and correlated with patient outcome. Differences in oxidative stress seem to be associated with clinical outcome, since significant differences in the expression profile of related genes were observed between survivors and non-survivors at the time of patient enrollment (early sepsis). However, our results substantiate current knowledge supporting that sepsis syndrome development is indeed multifaceted. Although the initial infection of enrolled patients was pneumonia, seven days later gene expression profiles seemed to be characteristic of each patient, common gene expression changes distinguishing survivors from non-survivors. This result could be associated with the underlying health status of each one of them, with complications due to sepsis itself as well as with distinct timing for response to treatment. In this study we investigate whole-genome gene expression profiles of mononuclear cells from survivor (n=5) and non-survivor (n=5) septic patients, as well as from 3 healthy controls. Blood samples were collected at the time of sepsis diagnosis and seven days later, allowing us to evaluate the role of biological processes or genes possibly involved in patient recovery. Aiming to circumvent, at least partially, the heterogeneity of septic patients we included only patients admitted with sepsis caused by community-acquired pneumonia.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-48080
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
48080
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-28-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AGIL-28
name:
Agilent Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K 014850 G4112F (85 cols x 532 rows)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-48080/E-GEOD-48080.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-48080/E-GEOD-48080.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE48080
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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