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Title: Genome-wide transcriptional changes of Sphingomonas wittichii RW1 during inoculation and growth in contaminated sand [experiment 1]      
dateReleased:
06-23-2014
description:
The efficacy of inoculation of single pure bacterial cultures into complex microbiomes, for example, in order to achieve increased pollutant degradation rates in contaminated material (i.e., bioaugmentation), has been frustrated by insufficient knowledge on the behaviour of the inoculated bacteria under the specific abiotic and biotic boundary conditions. Here we present a comprehensive analysis of global gene expression of the bacterium Sphingomonas wittichii RW1 in contaminated sand, compared to regular suspended batch growth in liquid culture. RW1 is a well-known bacterium capable of mineralizing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons such as dioxins, dibenzofurans and other chlorinated congeners. We tested the reactions of the cells both during the immediate transition phase from liquid culture to sand with or without dibenzofuran, as well during growth and stationary phase in sand. Cells during transition resemble going through stationary phase, showing evidence of stress responses and nutrient scavenging, and even of major adjustments in their primary metabolism if they were not pre-cultured on the same contaminant as found in the soil. Cells growing and surviving in soil show very different signatures as in liquid or in liquid culture exposed to chemicals inducing drought stress, and we obtain evidence for numerous soil-specific expressed genes. We conclude that studies focusing on inoculation efficacy should test behavior under conditions as closely as possible mimicking the intended microbiome conditions. We were interested to study the global reactions of bacteria with biodegradative properties under near-environmental as compared to laboratory culture conditions. We compared here the genome-wide responses of RW1 between regular laboratory batch growth on the aromatic substrates DBF and salicylate with growth in sandy soil with or without the same aromatic compounds. We analysed the cellular reactions immediately after introduction into the sand, during exponential growth and at stationary phase, all in carefully controlled and replicated experimental conditions.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-54814
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
54814
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-30-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Sphingomonas wittichii RW1
ID:
A-GEOD-15452
name:
Agilent-021656 Sphingomonas wittichii RW1 [ORF Name version]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-54814/E-GEOD-54814.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-54814/E-GEOD-54814.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE54814
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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