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Title: Epigenetic and transcriptional aberrations in human pluripotent stem cells reflect differences in reprogramming mechanisms [SNP array]      
dateReleased:
07-08-2014
description:
Human pluripotent stem cells hold great potential for regenerative medicine, but available cell types have important limitations. While embryonic stem cells derived from fertilized embryos (IVF-ESCs) are considered the "gold standard" of pluripotency, they are allogeneic to potential recipients. Autologous induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are prone to epigenetic and transcriptional aberrations. To determine whether accumulation of such aberrations is intrinsic to somatic cell reprogramming or secondary to the reprogramming method, we generated a genetically matched collection of human IVF-ESCs, iPSCs, and ESCs derived by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT; NT-ESCs), and subjected them to genome-wide genetic, epigenetic and transcriptional analyses. SCNT-based reprogramming is mediated by the full complement of oocyte cytoplasmic factors, thus closely recapitulating early embryogenesis. NT-ESCs and iPSCs derived from the same somatic donor cells contained comparable numbers of de novo copy number variations (CNVs), suggesting that the two reprogramming methods may not differ significantly in mutagenic or selective pressure. On the other hand, the DNA methylation and transcriptome profiles of NT-ESCs corresponded very closely to those of IVF-ESCs, while iPSCs differed markedly from IVF-ESCs and harbored residual DNA methylation patterns typical of parental fibroblasts, suggesting incomplete reprogramming. We conclude that human somatic cells can be faithfully reprogrammed to pluripotency by SCNT and are therefore ideal candidates for cell replacement therapies. 16 matched samples, two IVF-ESCs, five sendai produced iPSC lines, two retro-virus produced iPSC lines, four NT-ESCs, the parental fibroblast line, and the sperm and oocyte donor were genotyped using the Illumina Omni5, which interrogates 4.3 million SNPs across the human genome. Additionally, matched samples from a patient with Leigh syndrome, a NT-ESC line, three iPSC lines, and the parental fibroblast line were genotyped using the Illumina Omni5.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-53141
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
53141
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-15-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-14157
name:
Illumina HumanOmni5-Quad BeadChip (HumanOmni5-4v1_B)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-53141/E-GEOD-53141.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-53141/E-GEOD-53141.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE53141
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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