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Title: Involvement of miRNAs in the Regulation of Muscle Wasting during Catabolic Conditions      
dateReleased:
07-15-2014
description:
Loss of muscle proteins and the consequent weakness has important clinical consequences in diseases such as cancer, diabetes, chronic heart failure and in ageing. In fact, excessive proteolysis causes cachexia, accelerates disease progression and worsens life expectancy. Muscle atrophy involves a common pattern of transcriptional changes in a small subset of genes named atrophy-related genes or atrogenes. Whether microRNAs play a role in the atrophy program and muscle loss is debated. To understand the involvement of miRNAs in atrophy we performed miRNA expression profiling of mouse muscles under wasting conditions such as fasting, denervation, diabetes and cancer cachexia. We found that the miRNA signature is peculiar of each catabolic condition. We then focused on denervation and we revealed that changes in transcripts and microRNAs expression did not occur simultaneously but were shifted. Indeed, while the transcriptional control of the atrophy-related genes peaks at 3 days, the changes of miRNA expression maximised at 7 days after denervation. Among the different miRNAs, microRNA-206 and 21 were the most induced in denervated muscles. We characterized their pattern of expression and defined their role in muscle homeostasis. Indeed, in vivo gain and loss of function experiments revealed that miRNA-206 and miRNA-21 were sufficient and required for atrophy program. In silico and in vivo approaches identified the transcription factor YY1 and the translational initiator factor eIF4E3 as downstream targets of these miRNAs. Thus miRNAs are important for the fine-tuning of the atrophy program and their modulation can be a novel potential therapeutic approach to counteract muscle loss and weakness in catabolic conditions. To determine which miRNAs are relevant for the atrophic process, we performed miRNA expression profiles of muscles from different atrophic models (starvation, denervation and streptozotocin-induced diabetes). We checked whether there was a common signature of miRNA expression in different atrophying conditions and we found that every catabolic situation require a peculiar pattern of miRNA. We further focus on the condition of denervation and identified the most up-regulated miRNAs in this condition, miRNA-206 and miRNA-21.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-51648
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
51648
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-21-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-17835
name:
Micro-CRIBI microRNA Platform (mirVana Probe Set V1, Ambion)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51648/E-GEOD-51648.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51648/E-GEOD-51648.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE51648
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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