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Title: Resveratrol prevents diet-induced arterial degeneration and stiffening in nonhuman primates      
dateReleased:
07-21-2014
description:
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Western societies. Even after accounting for traditional CV risk factors (e.g. obesity, smoking and hypertension), the inflammation-driven thickening and stiffening of central arteries is a strong predictor of adverse outcomes. Arterial wall changes are universally associated with advancing age and show unparalleled worsening in metabolic syndrome. In mice, resveratrol ameliorates a high-fat diet induced arterial wall inflammation and slows age-associated physiologic deteriorations within the arterial wall. Here we tested resveratrol in adult male rhesus monkeys, an experimental model relevant to humans. A diet rich in fat and sucrose (HFS) led to an increase in body weight as well as thickening and stiffening of the aortic wall, marked by diffuse inflammation, fibrosis and fat infiltration. Dietary resveratrol supplementation prevented diet-induced structural and functional alterations within the aortic wall, and abrogated the deleterious vascular endothelial and smooth muscle responses. Integrative genomic and proteomic analyses of aortic tissues revealed molecular signatures consistent with improved vascular functions. Thus, resveratrol conferred protection against the initiation of diet-induced inflammatory events that progress to pathological thickening and stiffening of large arteries. Dietary resveratrol may therefore hold promise as a novel therapy to ameliorate metabolic stress-induced CV disease. After baseline assessment, four male rhesus monkeys remained on the healthy standard diet (SD), 10 male rhesus monkeys were begun on a high fat/high sucrose (HFS) diet and 10 male rhesus monkeys were begun on a high fat/high sucrose (HFS) diet plus Resveratrol, 80mg/day. After one year of dietary intervention, the amount of resveratrol was increased to 240mg/day for one additional year. Tissues were then harvested for the array experiments.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-45927
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
45927
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
07-26-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Macaca mulatta
ID:
A-GEOD-10558
name:
Illumina HumanHT-12 V4.0 expression beadchip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-45927/E-GEOD-45927.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-45927/E-GEOD-45927.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE45927
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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