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Title: Identification of Novel Auto-antibodies in Type 1 Diabetic Patients using a High-density Protein Microarray      
dateReleased:
07-30-2014
description:
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) results from immune mediated destruction of pancreatic beta cells. However, clinical and immunologic phenotypes of T1DM are variable. Several auto-antibodies including GADA, IA-2A, and ZnT8A, were identified in T1DM, but the prevalence of these auto-antibodies varied for a broad spectrum of T1DM. Here, we systemically profiled auto-antibodies from serum samples of 16 T1DM, 16 type 2 diabetes (T2DM) patients, and 27 healthy controls with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) using protein microarrays containing 9,480 proteins. Among 9,480 different proteins on the array, we identified novel auto-antibody candidates (EEF1A1-AAb and UBE2L3-AAb) by M-test coupled with PLS-DA. These auto-antibodies were highly present in T1DM than controls and detected in 40% of T1DM without GADA. Furthermore, these auto-antibodies might help to differentiate subtype of T1DM when combined with GADA. These novel auto-antibodies provide new diagnostic information of T1DM, as well as new insights into the pathogenesis of T1DM. Auto-antibodies from serum samples were profiled using a high-density, fluorescence-based protein microarray containing duplicate spots of 9,480 human proteins derived from the Ultimate ORF collection The cohort of patients and controls consisted of 16 T1DM, 16 T2DM patients, and 27 healthy controls with NGT. This cohort was used to screen candidate auto-antibodies using protein microarrays (ProtoArray platform version 5.0, Invitrogen Corp., Carlsbad, CA). Serum samples were drawn from T1DM patients who have 1) fasting C-peptide level <0.3 nmol/L or serum C-peptide <0.6 nmol/L after glucagon loading, 2) initiation of insulin treatment within six months after diagnosis, and 3) duration of diabetes ≤12 months. Mean age of T1DM in the first cohort was 42 ± 16 years. The control serum samples were obtained from T2DM patients who were treated only with oral anti-diabetic drug at least 5 years and from NGTs who had no history of diabetes, no first-degree relatives with diabetes, a fasting plasma glucose concentration of <6.1 mmol/l, and a HbA1c value of <5.8%.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-50866
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
50866
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-13669
name:
Invitrogen ProtoArray v5.0
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-50866/E-GEOD-50866.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-50866/E-GEOD-50866.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE50866
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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