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Title: Inflammation-induced chemokine expression in uveal melanoma cell lines stimulates monocyte chemotaxis      
dateReleased:
07-30-2014
description:
Purpose: Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular tumor in adults and the presence of infiltrating leucocytes is associated with a poor prognosis. Little is known how infiltrating leucocytes influence the tumor cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of activated T cells on the expression of chemotactic cytokines in UM cells. Furthermore, we examined the ability of stimulated UM cells to attract monocytes. Methods: We used an in vitro co-culture system in which UM cell lines and T cells were cultured together, but separated by a membrane. UM gene expression was quantified using a microarray. Protein expression in the supernatant was quantified with ELISA or cytometric bead array. For the monocyte migration assay, a trans-well plate was used. Results: Gene-expression analysis of UM cell lines showed that co-culture with activated T cells resulted in an upregulation of chemokines such as CXCL8, CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL11, CCL2, CCL5, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), intracellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). The upregulation of these molecules was confirmed at the protein level. This increase of chemokines coincided with an increased chemotactic capacity of the supernatant towards monocytes. Conclusions: Cytokines derived from activated T cells shifted the UM cell-transcriptome towards a more inflammatory state, including upregulation of several chemokines, which led to an increased migration of monocytes. Therefore, UM cells might actively participate in generating a tumor- promoting inflammatory microenvironment. One replicate for each cell lines (92.1, Mel 270 and Mel 290) was analyzed before and after co-culture with activated T cells.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-55983
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
55983
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-02-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-141
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST Array [HuGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55983/E-GEOD-55983.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55983/E-GEOD-55983.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE55983
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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