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Title: Effect of Helicobacter pylori on ATM-dependent DNA damage responses      
dateReleased:
08-18-2014
description:
Carcinogenic bacteria, Helicobacter pylori, induce DNA double-strand breaks in infected host cells, while ATM-dependent DNA damage responses in host cells suppress genome instabilities caused by DNA breakages, which resulting in the suppression of H. pylori-induced gastric cancers. Although Helicobacter pylori infection is etiologically related to the inflammation-related malignancy, gastric cancers, it role in the molecular pathogenesis of disease remains unclear. In vitro studies have suggested the infection may cause breaks in double-stranded DNA. We used microarray analysis of H. pylori-infected human gastric biopsies to investigate the effect of H. pylori on gene expression genes involved in DNA repair and DNA damage response. Micro-array analysis and immunohistochemistory showed that ATM (ataxia-telangiectasia mutated) was upregulated in H. pylori gastritis but down regulated in the premalignant lesion, intestinal metaplasia. Studies in gastric cancer cell lines showed that H. pylori-infection induced activation of ATM and formation of γ-H2AX. γ-H2AX formation was present following infection with bout cag pathogenicity island (PAI)- positive and negative strains but more robust with cag PAI positive strains consistent with the fact that both cag PAI positive negative strains are associated with gastric cancer but the risk is higher with cag PAI positive strains. Eradication of H. pylori infection is associated with a reduction in cancer risk even in the most high risk populations. These data provide a plausible molecular mechanism for a direct bacterial-host interaction increasing cancer risk. To identify tumor suppressors affected by H. pylori-infection, microarray screening was used to compare the gene expression profiles of gastric mucosa obtained from individuals with H. pylori-gastritis and with intestinal metaplasia with tissue from uninfected controls.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-47797
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
47797
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-23-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-13497
name:
Agilent-026652 Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K v2 (Probe Name version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-47797/E-GEOD-47797.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-47797/E-GEOD-47797.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE47797
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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