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Title: Inhibiting Monoacylglycerol Acyltransferase 1 Ameliorates Hepatic Metabolic Abnormalities, but not Inflammation and Injury in Mice      
dateReleased:
11-05-2014
description:
Abnormalities in hepatic lipid metabolism are believed to play a critical role in the etiology of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Monoacylglycerol acyltransferase (MGAT) enzymes convert monoacylglycerol to diacylglycerol, which is the penultimate step in one pathway for triacylglycerol (TAG) synthesis. Hepatic expression of Mogat1, which encodes an MGAT enzyme, is increased in the livers of mice with hepatic steatosis and knocking down Mogat1 improves insulin sensitivity, but whether increased MGAT activity plays a role in the etiology of NASH is unclear. To examine the effects of knocking down Mogat1 in the liver on the development of NASH, C57BL/6 mice were placed on a diet containing high levels of trans fatty acids, fructose, and cholesterol (HTF-C diet) or a low fat control diet for 4 weeks. Mice were then injected with antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) to knockdown Mogat1 or a scrambled ASO control for 12 weeks while remaining on diet. HTF-C diet caused glucose intolerance, hepatic steatosis, and induced hepatic gene expression markers of inflammation, macrophage infiltration, and stellate cell activation. Mogat1 ASO treatment, which suppressed Mogat1 expression in liver, attenuated weight gain, improved glucose tolerance, and decreased hepatic TAG content compared to control ASO-treated mice on HTF-C chow. However, Mogat1 ASO treatment did not reduce hepatic DAG, cholesterol, or free fatty acid content, improve histologic measures of liver injury, or reduce expression of markers of stellate cell activation, liver inflammation, and injury. In conclusion, inhibition of hepatic Mogat1 in HTF-C diet-fed mice improves glucose tolerance and hepatic TAG accumulation without attenuating liver inflammation and injury. Total RNA obtained from liver of 4 control vs. 4 Mogat1 ASO treated higf-fat diet (HFD) fed mice.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-60349
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
60349
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
11-08-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-MEXP-1175
name:
Illumina MouseWG-6 v2.0 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-60349/E-GEOD-60349.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-60349/E-GEOD-60349.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE60349
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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