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Title: Loss of cytosine-5 methylation in tRNA triggers stress responses in a disease model for Intellectual Disability      
dateReleased:
11-06-2014
description:
Mutations in the cytosine-5 RNA methyltransferase NSun2 can cause Intellectual Disability (ID) and symptoms commonly found in patients with Dubowitz syndrome. By analysing gene expression data with the global cytosine-5 RNA methylome in NSun2-deficient mice, we find that loss of cytosine-5 RNA methylation increases the fragmentation of transfer RNAs (tRNA) leading to an accumulation of 5’ halves. Cleavage of tRNAs by Angiogenin is a common cellular stress response to silence translational programmes, and we show that Angiogenin binds tRNAs lacking site-specific NSun2-methylation with higher affinity. Furthermore, cells lacking functional NSun2 up-regulate stress markers, and deletion of NSun2 compromises cellular survival in response stress stimuli including UV-light and oxidative stress. The decreased tolerance of NSun2 null cells towards oxidative stress can be rescued through inhibition of Angiogenin. In conclusion, cytosine-5 RNA methylation is an essential post-transcriptional mechanism during cellular stress responses and NSun2-mediated tRNA methylation protects from Angiogenin-dependent stress-induced RNA cleavage. RNA Methylation profiling by high throughput sequencing small non-coding RNA profiling by high throughput sequencing Pol III Chromatin-IP profiling by high throughput sequencing
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-44746
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
44746
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-23-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-44746/E-GEOD-44746.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-44746/E-GEOD-44746.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE44746
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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