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Title: A Sox2 distal enhancer cluster regulates embryonic stem cell differentiation potential      
dateReleased:
11-19-2014
description:
We report the effect on genome-wide gene expression after deletion of an enhancer region downstream of Sox2 in F1 ES cells. The Sox2 transcription factor must be robustly transcribed in embryonic stem (ES) cells to maintain pluripotency.  Reporter assays reveal novel enhancers, including two enhancers over 100 kb downstream (SRR107 and SRR111) which, through the formation of chromatin loops, localise to the Sox2 promoter in ES cells.  Using CRISPR/Cas9 we deleted a region containing these two enhancers, which we term the Sox2 control region (SCR). This deletion revealed that the SCR is required for Sox2 transcription in ES cells.  Furthermore, homozygous deletion of this distal Sox2 control region (SCR) caused significant reduction in Sox2 mRNA and protein levels, loss of ES cell colony morphology, genome-wide changes in gene expression and impaired neuroectodermal formation upon spontaneous differentiation to embryoid bodies. Together these data identify a distal control region essential for Sox2 transcription in ES cells. Examination of PolA+ RNA after heterozygous and homozygous enhancer deletion in F1 ES cells (M. musculus129 x M. castaneus).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-58339
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
58339
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-23-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-58339/E-GEOD-58339.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-58339/E-GEOD-58339.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE58339
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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