Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Cell-autonomous transformation of Lgr5-positive intestinal stem cells into gastric stem cells upon loss of transcription factor Cdx2 (AFFYMETRIX ARRAYS)      
dateReleased:
12-04-2014
description:
The endodermal lining of the adult gastro-intestinal tract harbors stem cells that are responsible for the day-to-day regeneration of the epithelium. Stem cells residing in the pyloric glands of the stomach and in the small intestinal crypts differ in their differentiation program and in the gene repertoire that they express. Both types of stem cells have been shown to grow from single cells into 3D structures (organoids) in vitro. We show that single adult Lgr5-positive stem cells, isolated from small intestinal organoids, require Cdx2 to maintain their intestinal identity and are converted cell-autonomously into pyloric stem cells in the absence of this transcription factor. Clonal descendants of Cdx2null small intestinal stem cells enter the gastric differentiation program instead of producing intestinal derivatives. Conversely, forced expression of Cdx2 in gastric organoids results in their intestinalization. The intestinal genetic program is thus critically dependent on the single transcription factor encoding gene Cdx2. Small intestinal crypts and stomach glands were isolated from Cdx2-/fl / Lgr5-EGFP-CreERT2 mice and cultured for a week in order to generate small intestinal (SI) and stomach (Sto) in vitro organoids. The Lgr5-CreERT2 enzyme activity has been induced by overnight 4-hydroxytamoxifen induction. Tamoxifen treated and untreated Lgr5-EGFPhi SI and Sto stem cells were FACS sorted and seeded back into ENRWfg (Sto med) culture conditions in order to generate Cdx2-/fl small intestinal (Control SI), Cdx2null small intestinal (Cdx2null SI) and Cdx2-/fl stomach (Control Sto) clonal organoids. Cdx2-/fl SI organoids and Cdx2-/fl Sto organoids have been also cultured in ENR (SI med) to induce differentiation. After some passages of clonal organoid expansion, RNA was isolated from Control SI, Cdx2null SI and Control Sto Lgr5-EGFPhi FACS sorted stem cell populations and from smal intestinal and stomach organoids cultured in different conditions and hybridized on Affymetrix Mouse Gene ST 1.1 arrays.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-51751
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
51751
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-02-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-11533
name:
[MoGene-1_1-st-v1] Affymetrix Mouse Gene 1.1 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51751/E-GEOD-51751.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-51751/E-GEOD-51751.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE51751
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.