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Title: The oncogenic microRNA hsa-mir-155-5p targets the transcription factor ELK3 and links it to the hypoxia response and the Hypoxia Inducible Factor HIF1α      
dateReleased:
12-04-2014
description:
The molecular response to hypoxia is a critical cellular process implicated in cancer, and a target for drug development. The activity of the major player, HIF1α, is regulated at different levels, including the transcriptional level by the Ets factor ELK3. The molecular mechanisms of this intimate transcriptional connection remain largely unknown. Whilst investigating global ELK3-chromatin interactions, we uncovered an unexpected connection that involves the microRNA hsa-miR-155-5p, a hypoxia-inducible oncomir that targets HIF1α. One of the ELK3 chromatin binding sites, detected by Chromatin Immuno-Precipitation Sequencing (ChIP-seq) of normal Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVEC), is located at the transcription start site of the MIR155HG genes that expresses hsa-miR-155-5p. We confirmed that ELK3 binds to this promoter by ChIP and QPCR. We showed that ELK3 and hsa-miR-155-5p form a double-negative regulatory loop. ELK3 depletion induced hsa-miR-155-5p expression, and hsa-miR-155-5p expression decreased ELK3 expression at the RNA level through a conserved target sequence in its 3’-UTR. We further showed that the activities of hsa-miR-155-5p and ELK3 are functionally linked. Pathway analysis indicates that both factors are implicated in related processes, including cancer and angiogenesis. hsa-miR-155-5p expression and ELK3 depletion have similar effects on expression of known ELK3 target genes, and in-vitro angiogenesis and wound closure. Bioinformatic analysis of cancer RNA-seq data shows that hsa-miR-155-5p and ELK3 expression are significantly anti-correlated, as would be expected from hsa-miR-155-5p targeting ELK3 RNA. Hypoxia (0% oxygen) down-regulates ELK3 mRNA in a microRNA and hsa-miR-155-5p dependent manner. These results tie ELK3 into the hypoxia response pathway through an oncogenic microRNA and into a circuit implicated in the dynamics of the hypoxic response. This crosstalk could be important in the development of new treatments for a range of pathologies. Examination of ELK3 DNA interactions in HUVEC cells under normal oxygen conditions
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-60156
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
60156
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-06-2014
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-60156/E-GEOD-60156.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-60156/E-GEOD-60156.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE60156
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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