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Title: Exercise promotes growth and vascularization of fast skeletal muscle by activating myogenic and angiogenic transcriptional programs in adult zebrafish      
dateReleased:
12-23-2014
description:
The adult skeletal muscle is a plastic tissue with a remarkable ability to adapt to different levels of activity by altering its excitability, its contractile and metabolic phenotype and its mass. Knowledge on the mechanisms responsible for muscle mass comes primarily from models of muscle inactivity or denervation or from genetic models of muscle diseases. Given that the underlying exercise-induced transcriptional mechanisms regulating muscle mass are not fully understood, here we investigated the cellular and molecular adaptive mechanisms taking place in fast skeletal muscle of adult zebrafish in response to swimming. Fish were trained at low swimming speed (0.1 m/s; non-exercised) or at their optimal swimming speed (0.4 m/s; exercised). A significant increase in fibre cross-sectional area (1,290 ± 88 vs. 1,665 ± 106 μm2) and vascularization (298 ± 23 vs. 458 ± 38 capillaries/mm2) was found in exercised over non-exercised fish. Gene expression profiling evidenced the transcriptional activation of a series of complex networks of extracellular and intracellular signaling molecules and pathways involved in the regulation of muscle mass, myogenesis and angiogenesis, many (e.g. BMP, TGF, FGF, Notch, Wnt, MEF2, Shh, EphrinB2) not previously associated with exercise-induced contractile activity, and that recapitulate in part the transcriptional events occurring during skeletal muscle regeneration. These results demonstrate that fibre hypertrophy is responsible for the growth-promoting effects of exercise accompanied by a switch to a more oxidative capacity of white muscle fibres to fuel the increased energy demands. Importantly, our study identified novel molecular mechanisms regulating muscle mass and function in vertebrates. Adult zebrafish were subjected or not to a swim training regime consisting of swimming at the optimal swimming speed for this species for 6 h/day, 5 days/week for a total of 4 weeks (20 experimental days). Total RNA of fast muscle from individual non-exercised (n = 8) and exercised (n = 8) zebrafish was analyzed.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-58929
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
58929
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-02-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Danio rerio
ID:
A-GEOD-13390
name:
Agilent-021626 Danio rerio LU/IBL_D.rerio_44k (Feature Number version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-58929/E-GEOD-58929.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-58929/E-GEOD-58929.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE58929
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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