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Title: Human induced pluripotent stem cells generated from intervertebral disc cells improve neurologic functions in spinal cord injury      
dateReleased:
01-15-2015
description:
We generated iPSCs from human intervertebral disc cells which were obtained during spine fusion surgery of patients with spinal cord injury. The disc cell-derived iPSCs (diPSCs) showed similar characteristics to human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and were efficiently differentiated into neural progenitor cells (NPCs) with the capability of differentiation into mature neurons in vitro. To examine whether the transplantation of NPCs derived from the diPSCs showed therapeutic effects, the NPCs were transplanted into mice at 9 days post-spinal cord injury. We detected a significant amelioration of hind limb dysfunction during the follow up recovery periods. Histological analysis at 5 weeks post-transplantation, we could identify undifferentiated human NPCs (Nestin+) as well as early (TUJ1+) and mature neurons (MAP2+) derived from the NPCs. Furthermore, the NPC transplantation demonstrated a preventive effect on the spinal cord degeneration resulting from the secondary injury. This study revealed that the intervertebral disc, a “to-be-waste” tissue, removed from the surgical procedure, could provide a unique opportunity to study iPSCs derived from hardly accessible somatic cells in normal situation and also be a useful therapeutic resource to generate autologous neural cells to treat patients suffering from spinal cord injury. Total RNA was isolated using the NucleoSpin RNA II Kit (Macherey-Nagel, Duren, Germany, www.mn-net.com) according to the manufacturer’s suggestions and was utilized for a genome-wide gene expression profiling experiment using the Illumina array (Illumina, San Diego, CA, USA, www.illumina.com) at Macrogen (Macrogen, Seoul, Korea, www.macrogen.com).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-64964
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
64964
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-17-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-10558
name:
Illumina HumanHT-12 V4.0 expression beadchip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-64964/E-GEOD-64964.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-64964/E-GEOD-64964.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE64964
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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