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Title: Common Irf-regulated genomic responses drive pathological inflammation during experimental cerebral malaria as well as protective response against M. tuberculosis      
dateReleased:
01-16-2015
description:
Analysis of transcriptional response to Plasmodium berghei ANKA infection in cerebral malaria susceptible C57BL/6 mouse brains as well as cerebral malaria resistant BXH2 mice which carry a severe hypomorphic Irf8-R294C allele. Interferon Regulatory Factor 8 (IRF8) is required for development, maturation and expression of anti-microbial defenses of myeloid cells. BXH2 mice harbor a loss-of-function allele at Irf8 (Irf8-R294C) that causes susceptibility to infection with intracellular pathogens, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. We report that XH2 are completely resistant to the development of cerebral malaria following Plasmodium berghei ANKA infection. Comparative transcriptional profiling of brain RNA as well as chromatin immunoprecipitation and high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq) was used to identify IRF8-regulated genes whose expression is associated with pathological acute neuroinflammation. Genes up-regulated by infection were strongly enriched for IRF8 binding sites, suggesting that IRF8 acts as a transcriptional activator in inflammatory programs. These lists were enriched for myeloid-specific pathways, including interferon responses, antigen presentation and Th1 polarizing cytokines. We show that inactivation of several of these downstream target genes confers protection against experimental cerebral malaria. We also report strong overlap between genes bound and regulated by IRF8 during cerebral malaria and genes regulated in the lungs of M. tuberculosis infected mice. This IRF8-dependent network contains several genes recently identified as risk factors in acute and chronic human inflammatory conditions. In summary, this work defines a common core of IRF8-bound genes forming a critical inflammatory host-response network. Comparison of whole brain transcript profiles for wildype C57BL/6 mice versus severely hypomorphic Irf8-R294C BXH2 mice following experimental infection with Plasmodium berghei ANKA (d7). Baseline (d0) profiles are also compared. Pleaes note that each sample record represents 2-4 replicates and sample data table contains mean, standard error of the mean (SEM), and quality for the replicates. The non_normalized data matrix contains raw data for each replicate (total 12 samples).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-65036
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
65036
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-28-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-MEXP-1175
name:
Illumina MouseWG-6 v2.0 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-65036/E-GEOD-65036.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-65036/E-GEOD-65036.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE65036
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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