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Title: Heterogeneous CD3 expression levels in differing T-cell subsets account for in vivo anti-CD3-mediated immune resetting      
dateReleased:
01-19-2015
description:
The tolerogenic anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies (anti-CD3) are promising compounds for the treatment of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Anti-CD3 administration induces transient T-cell depletion both in preclinical and in clinical studies. Notably, said depletion mainly affects CD4+ but not CD8+ T cells. Moreover, T1D reversal in preclinical models is accompanied by the selective expansion of CD4+FOXP3+ T regulatory (Treg) cells, which are fundamental for the long-term maintenance of anti-CD3-mediated tolerance. The mechanisms that lead to this immune-shaping by affecting mainly CD4+ T effector cells while sparing CD4+FOXP3+ Treg cells have still to be fully elucidated. This study shows that CD3 expression levels differ from one T-cell subset to another. CD4+FOXP3- T cells contain higher amounts of CD3 molecules than do CD4+FOXP3+ and CD8+ T cells both in mice and in humans. Said differences may explain the anti-CD3-mediated immune resetting that occurs in vivo after anti-CD3 administration in mice. In addition, transcriptome analysis demonstrates that CD4+FoxP3+ Treg cells are significantly less responsive than CD4+FoxP3- T cells to anti-CD3 treatment at molecular levels. Thus, heterogeneity in CD3 expression likely confers the various T-cell subsets differing susceptibility to in vivo tolerogenic anti-CD3-mediated modulation. This data sheds new light on the molecular mechanism that underlies anti-CD3-mediated immune resetting, and thus may open new opportunities to improve this promising treatment.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-MTAB-2437
refinement:
raw
dateSubmitted:
03-24-2013
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
01-19-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
FoxP3-GFP NOD mouse
ID:
A-MEXP-1175
name:
Illumina MouseWG-6 v2.0 Expression BeadChip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-MTAB-2437/E-MTAB-2437.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-MTAB-2437/E-MTAB-2437.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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