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Title: Inhaled Ozone (O3)-Induces Changes in Serum Metabolomic and Liver Transcriptomic Profiles in Rats      
dateReleased:
01-31-2015
description:
Long-term exposure to particulate air pollutants has been linked to increased incidence of Type 2 Diabetes (T2DM). Recently, we showed that the gaseous pollutant, O3, induced glucose intolerance, and increased serum leptin and epinephrine in Brown Norway rats. In this study, we hypothesized that O3 exposure will cause broad scale changes in metabolic homeostasis involving liver, muscle and adipose tissues, and that serum metabolomic and liver transcriptomic profiling will provide mechanistic insights into pollutant-induced metabolic alterations. In the first experiment, male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats were exposed to filtered air (FA) or O3 at 0.25, 0.50, or 1.00 ppm, 6h/day for two consecutive days to establish concentration-related effects on glucose tolerance and lung injury. In a second experiment, rats were exposed to FA or 1.0 ppm O3, 6h/day for either one day or two consecutive days and systemic metabolic responses were determined immediately after each exposure or after an 18h recovery period. In WKY rats, O3 increased serum fasting glucose and leptin on day 1. Glucose intolerance persisted through two days of exposure but reversed 18h post second exposure. O3 exposure increased circulating metabolites of glycolysis, long-chain free fatty acids, branched chain amino acids (BCAA) and cholesterol while 1,5- anhydroglucitol, bile acids and metabolites of TCA cycle were decreased, indicating impaired glycemic control, muscle proteolysis and adipose lipolysis. Liver gene expression profile after O3 exposure reflected a response to the serum metabolite changes, as evidenced by increased expression of genes for glycolysis, TCA cycle and gluconeogenesis, and decreased expression of genes involved in steroid and fat biosynthesis. In conclusion, short-term O3 exposure induced hormonal changes and global metabolic disorder reflective of changes in peripheral glucose, lipid, and amino acid metabolism, representative of a stress-response. It remains to be examined if these metabolic alterations contribute to insulin resistance upon chronic exposure. Rats were exposed to filtered air (FA) or Ozone at 1 ppm, 6h/day for two consecutive days to establish ozone-exposure related effects on transcriptomic profiles. Samples were taken at three time points: 1 day (1day0hrs) - at the end of the 6 hour exposure period, 2 days (2day0hrs) - at the end of the of the second day 6 hour exposure period) and 2 days 18 hours (2day18hrs) - 18 hours after the 6 hour exposure period on the second day. Total liver RNA was isolated from ~20 mg tissue with a commercially available RNeasy mini kit (Qiagen, Valencia, CA) using silica gel membrane purification. Liver RNA was resuspended in 30μl of RNAse- free water. RNAse inhibitor was added and RNA yield was determined spectrophotometrically on a NanoDrop 1000 (Thermo Scientific, Wilmington, DE). RNA integrity was assessed by the RNA 6000 LabChip® kit using a 2100 Bioanalyzer (Agilent Technologies, Palo Alto, CA). We examined global gene expression changes using the Affymetrix platform (RG- 230 PM Array strip). Biotin-labeled cRNA was produced from total RNA using an Affymetrix “IVT-express labeling kit “(cat# 901229).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-59329
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
59329
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-08-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Rattus norvegicus
ID:
A-GEOD-16985
name:
[HT_Rat230_PM] Affymetrix HT RG-230 PM Array Plate
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-59329/E-GEOD-59329.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-59329/E-GEOD-59329.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE59329
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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