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Title: Transcription factor WRKY46 regulates osmotic stress responses and stomatal movement tissue specifically and independently in Arabidopsis      
dateReleased:
02-01-2015
description:
Drought and salt stress severely inhibit plant growth and development. However, the regulatory mechanisms of plants in response to these stresses are not fully understood. Here we find that the expression of a WRKY transcription factor WRKY46 is rapidly induced by drought, salt and oxidative stresses. Mutations of WRKY46 by T-DNA insertion lead to more sensitive to drought and salt stress, whereas, overexpression of WRKY46 exhibits hypersensitive in soil culture with higher water loss rate, but increased tolerance on the agar plates. ABA induced stomatal closing is impaired in the WRKY46 overexpressing line (OV46), which is potentially due to the lower ROS accumulation in the guard cells. Real-time qPCR and GUS activity assay further demonstrate that WRKY46 is expressed in guard cells, but its expression is not affected by dehydration treatment, suggesting different regulatory mechanisms for WRKY46 between guard cells and other WRKY46 expressed tissues. The stomatal movement and conductance assay indicate that WRKY46 is involved in light-dependent stomatal opening. Further microarray analysis reveals that WRKY46 regulates a set of genes involved in cellular osmoprotection and redox homeostasis under dehydration stress. Determinations of ROS and MDA content confirm its role in oxidative detoxification under stress. Furthermore, we find that WRKY46 modulates light-dependent starch metabolism in guard cells via regulating QQS gene expression. Taken together, we demonstrate that WRKY46 plays a role in modulating cellular osmoprotection and redox homeostasis under drought and salt stress, and functions independently in stomatal movement via regulating light-dependent starch metabolism and ROS levels in guard cells. We used microarrays to identify the certain downstream genes regulated by WRKY46 under normal and dehydration conditions. One-week-old Arabidopsis seedlings of wild-type Col-0 (WT) and WRKY46 overexpressing line (46T) with or without dehydration treatment for 1 h were harvested and used for RNA extraction and hybridization to Affymetrix Arabidopsis ATH1 microarrays. The experiment includes 3 biological replicates.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-49418
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
49418
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
12-02-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Arabidopsis thaliana
ID:
A-AFFY-2
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Arabidopsis Genome [ATH1-121501]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-49418/E-GEOD-49418.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-49418/E-GEOD-49418.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE49418
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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