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Title: Genomically amplified Akt3 activates DNA repair pathway and promotes glioma progression      
dateReleased:
02-24-2015
description:
Akt is a robust oncogene that plays key roles in the development and progression of many cancers, including glioma. We evaluated the differential propensities of the Akt isoforms toward progression in the well-characterized RCAs/Ntv-a mouse model of PDGFB-driven low grade glioma. A constitutively active myristoylated form of Akt1 did not induce high-grade glioma (HGG). In stark contrast, Akt2 and Akt3 showed strong progression potential with 78% and 97% of tumors diagnosed as HGG, respectively. We further revealed that significant variations in polarity and hydropathy values among the Akt isoforms in both the pleckstrin homology domain (P domain) and regulatory domain (R domain) were critical in mediating glioma progression. Gene expression profiles from representative Akt-derived tumors indicated dominant and distinct roles for Akt3, consisting primarily of DNA repair pathways. TCGA data from human GBM closely reflected the DNA repair function, as Akt3 was significantly correlated with a 76 gene signature DNA repair panel. Consistently, compared to Akt1 and Akt2 overexpression models, Akt3-expressing human GBM cells had enhanced activation of DNA repair proteins, leading to increased DNA repair and subsequent resistance to radiation and temozolomide. Given the wide range of Akt3-amplified cancers, Akt3 may represent a key resistance factor. 5 different experimental conditions were compared (including GFP, PDGFB, PDGFB in conjunciton with Akt1, Akt2, or Akt3) with 3 mice per treatment
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-66177
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
66177
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
02-27-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-MEXP-724
name:
Agilent Whole Mouse Genome Microarray 4x44K 014868 G4122F (annotation from 02.2007)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-66177/E-GEOD-66177.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-66177/E-GEOD-66177.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE66177
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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