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Title: Comparative Hi-C reveals that CTCF underlies evolution of chromosomal domain architecture      
dateReleased:
02-26-2015
description:
Topological domains are key architectural building blocks of chromosomes in complex genomes. Their functional importance and evolutionary dynamics are however not well defined. Here we performed comparative Hi-C in liver cells from four mammalian species, and characterized the conservation and divergence of chromosomal contact insulation and the resulting domain architectures within distantly related genomes. We show that the modular organization of chromosomes is robustly conserved in syntenic regions. This overall conservation is compatible with conservation of the binding landscape of the insulator protein CTCF. Specifically, conserved CTCF sites are co-localized with cohesin, enriched at strong topological domain borders and bind to DNA motifs with orientations that define the directionality of CTCF’s long-range interactions. Interestingly, CTCF binding sites which are divergent between species are strongly correlated with divergence of internal domain structure. This divergence is likely driven by local CTCF binding sequence changes, demonstrating how genome evolution can be linked directly with a continuous flux of local chromosome conformation changes. Conversely, we provide evidence that large-scale domains are harder to break and that they are reorganized during genome evolution as intact modules. Hi-C and 4C-seq experiments were conducted in primary liver cells obtained from mouse, rabbit, macaque and dog
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-65126
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
65126
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
04-03-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-65126/E-GEOD-65126.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-65126/E-GEOD-65126.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE65126
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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