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Title: CD34 negative populations are associated with an increased relapse risk in childhood AML and harbor chemo-resistant leukemia stem cells      
dateReleased:
03-01-2015
description:
Differences in chemo-sensitivity of subpopulations of AML stem cells could have important clinical implications. Using in vitro cytotoxicity, xenograft models and colony forming assays, we compared chemotherapy sensitivity between Lineage (Lin-)CD34-CD38-, Lin-CD34-CD38+, Lin-CD34+CD38- and Lin-CD34+CD38+ populations from 26 primary AMLs (19 paediatric and 7 adult). We identified a common recurring pattern of chemo-response associated with a poor clinical outcome: In each of 16/26 (62%) AMLs, Lin-CD34-CD38- cells were the most chemoresistant of the four subpopulations to daunorubicin in vitro. Cytarabine-resistant colonies formed only from Lin-CD34-CD38- populations following tertiary passages through both NOG mice and methylcellulose in these AMLs The presence of chemo-resistant Lin-CD34-CD38- populations was signficantly associated with reduced relapse-free survival in childhood AML. Consistently, CD34 negativity was significantly associated with an increased risk of relapse in a larger retropsective cohort (n=89). Samples enriched for chemo-resistant Lin-CD34-CD38- LSCs with a stem cell profile and an undifferentiated genotype revealed pathways likely to confer chemo-resistance, These strongly indicated dependence of chemo-resistant Lin-CD34-CD38- LSCs on their niche environment as well as deregulated DNA damage responses, lipid and Notch1 signalling, Our findings have major implications for the risk stratification of childhood AML and could lead to the development of novel therapeutic approaches. 3 subpopulations of leukemia stem cells from 9 patients with primary childhood AML were analysed. We compared gene expression profiles of Lin-CD34+CD38- (Q1), Lin-CD34+CD38+ (Q2) and Lin-CD34-CD38- (Q3) cells between 3 AMLs in which the CD34+ cells were most chemo-resistant (AML-1P, AML-6P and AML-10P) and the same cells from the remaining AMLs in which the Lin-CD34-CD38- cells were the most chemo-resistant population. We also compared the gene expression profiles of Lin-CD34-CD38- (Q3) cells in the 3 samples with the highest LC50 values (AML-15P, AML-17P and AML-19P) with that of the 3 AMLs exhibiting the lowest LC50 values (AML-2P, AML-5P and AML-11P).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-45249
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
45249
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
03-07-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-37
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Genome U133A 2.0 [HG-U133A_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-45249/E-GEOD-45249.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-45249/E-GEOD-45249.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE45249
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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