Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Fig and fig wasp mutualism      
dateReleased:
03-05-2015
description:
A striking property of the ancient and obligate mutualism between figs and their pollinating wasps is that fig wasps consistently oviposit in the inner flowers of the fig syconium (gall flowers, which develop into galls that house developing larvae), but typically do not use the outer ring of flowers (seed flowers, which develop into seeds). To better understand differences between gall and seed flowers that might influence oviposition choices, and the unknown mechanisms underlying gall formation, we used a metatranscriptomic approach to analyze eukaryotic gene expression within fig flowers at the time of oviposition choice and early gall development. Consistent with the unbeatable seed hypothesis, which posits that only a portion of fig flowers are physiologically capable of responding to gall induction or supporting larval development, we found significant differences in gene expression assigned to defense and metabolism between gall- and seed flowers in receptive syconia. Transcripts assigned to flavonoids and defense were especially prevalent in receptive gall flowers, and carbohydrate metabolism was significantly up-regulated relative to seed flowers. In turn, high expression of the venom gene icarapin during wasp embryogenesis within galled flowers distinguishes it as a candidate gene for gall initiation. In response to galling, the fig significantly up-regulates the expression of chalcone synthase, which previously has been connected to gall formation in other plants. This study simultaneously evaluates the gene expression profile of both mutualistic partners in a plant-insect mutualism and provides evidence for a stability mechanism in the ancient fig-fig wasp association. We examined two different Ficus flower types at two different time points. Each sample contained a pool of hundreds of individual flowers from multiple sycomia.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-55700
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
55700
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
03-06-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Ficus obtusifolia
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55700/E-GEOD-55700.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55700/E-GEOD-55700.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE55700
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress