Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Piwi proteins and piRNAs in mammalian oocytes and early embryos      
dateReleased:
03-27-2015
description:
Germ cells of most animals critically depend on piRNAs and Piwi proteins. Surprisingly, piRNAs in mouse oocytes are relatively rare and dispensable. We present compelling evidence for strong Piwi-piRNA expression in oocytes of other mammals. Human fetal oocytes express PIWIL2 and transposon-enriched piRNAs. Oocytes in adult human ovary express PIWIL1 and PIWIL2, while those in bovine ovary just express PIWIL1. In human, macaque and bovine ovaries we find piRNAs that resemble testis-borne pachytene piRNAs. Isolated bovine follicular oocytes were shown to contain abundant, relatively short piRNAs that preferentially target transposable elements. Using label-free quantitative proteome analysis we show that these maturing oocytes strongly and specifically express the thus-far uncharacterized PIWIL3 protein, alongside other known piRNA-pathway components. In bovine early embryos these piRNAs are still abundant, revealing a potential impact of piRNAs on mammalian embryogenesis. Our results reveal unexpected, highly dynamic piRNA pathways in mammalian oocytes and early embryos. Analyses of multiple small RNA libraries obtained from fetal/adult oocytes, cumulus cells, ovary, testis and 2-4 cell stage ivf embryos of multiple mammalian species.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-64942
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
64942
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
04-06-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-64942/E-GEOD-64942.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-64942/E-GEOD-64942.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE64942
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress