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Title: Mechanisms of haptoglobin protection against hemoglobin peroxidation triggered endothelial damage      
dateReleased:
04-30-2015
description:
Extracellular hemoglobin (Hb) has been recognized as a disease trigger in hemolytic conditions such as sickle cell disease, malaria and blood transfusion. In vivo, many of the adverse effects of free Hb can be attenuated by the Hb scavenger acute phase protein haptoglobin (Hp). The primary physiologic disturbances that can be caused be free Hb are found within the cardiovascular system and Hb triggered oxidative toxicity towards the endothelium has been promoted as a potential mechanism. The molecular mechanisms of this toxicity as well as of the protective activities of Hp are not yet clear. Within this study we systematically investigated the structural, biochemical and cell biologic nature of Hb toxicity in an endothelial cell system under peroxidative stress. We identified two principal mechanisms of oxidative Hb toxicity that are mediated by globin degradation products and by modified lipoprotein species, respectively. The two damage pathways trigger diverse and discriminative inflammatory and cytotoxic responses. Hp provides structural stabilization of Hb and shields Hb’s oxidative reactions with lipoproteins providing dramatic protection against both pathways of toxicity. By these mechanisms Hp shifts Hb’s destructive pseudo-peroxidative reaction into a potential anti-oxidative function during peroxidative stress. HPAEC: A two color common reference design was chosen with 4-8 independent biological replicates of each condition. Each experimental sample (Cy5 labeled) was hybridized against a non-treated reference sample (Cy3 labeled). HUVEC: A two color common reference design was chosen with 3-4 independent biological replicates of each condition. Each experimental sample (Cy5 labeled) was hybridized against a non-treated reference sample (Cy3 labeled).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-46471
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
46471
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-01-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AGIL-28
name:
Agilent Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K 014850 G4112F (85 cols x 532 rows)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-46471/E-GEOD-46471.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-46471/E-GEOD-46471.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE46471
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress