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Title: Comparative genomic, microRNA, and tissue analyses reveal subtle differences between non-diabetic and diabetic foot skin [nanoString nCounter miR expression assay]      
dateReleased:
05-01-2015
description:
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic, severe disease rapidly increasing in incidence and prevalence and is associated with numerous complications. Patients with DM are at high risk of developing diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) that often lead to lower limb amputations, long term disability, and a shortened lifespan. Despite this, the effects of DM on human foot skin biology are largely unknown. Thus, the focus of this study was to determine whether DM changes foot skin biology predisposing it for healing impairment and development of DFU. Foot skin samples were collected from 20 patients receiving corrective foot surgery and, using a combination of multiple molecular and cellular approaches we performed comparative analyses of non-ulcerated non-neuropathic diabetic foot skin (DFS) and healthy non-diabetic foot skin (NFS). MicroRNA (miR) profiling of laser captured epidermis and primary dermal fibroblasts from both DFS and NFS samples identified 5 miRs de-regulated in the epidermis of DFS though none reached statistical significance. MiR-31-5p and miR-31-3p were most profoundly induced. Although none were significantly regulated in diabetic fibroblasts, miR-29c-3p showed a trend of up-regulation, which was confirmed by qPCR in a prospective set of 20 skin samples. Gene expression profiling of full thickness biopsies identified 36 de-regulated genes in DFS (>2 fold-change, unadjusted p-value ≤ 0.05). Of this group, three out of seven tested genes were confirmed by qPCR: SERPINB3 was up-regulated whereas OR2A4 and LGR5 were down-regulated in DFS. However no morphological differences in histology, collagen deposition, and number of blood vessels or lymphocytes were found. No difference in proliferative capacity was observed by quantification of Ki67 positive cells in epidermis. These findings suggest DM causes only subtle changes to foot skin. Since morphology, mRNA and miR levels were not affected in a major way, additional factors, such as neuropathy, vascular complications, or duration of DM, may further compromise tissue’s healing ability leading to development of DFUs. foot skin biopsies obtained from diabetic and non-diabetic people were thoroughly washed in DMEM supplemented with 2× Penicillin/Streptomycin/Fungizone, and gentamicin (50mg/L). After, the epidermis was removed from specimens, the dermis was finely minced and placed in 12-well plates. For the establishment of fibroblast cultures, DMEM (Life Technologies) supplemented with 10% FBS, HEPES (1.9mg/ml), streptomycin (100 μg/ml), penicillin (100 U/ml), and Fungizone Antimycotic (0.25 µg/mL) was used. RNA was isolated from cells (passage 1 or 2) using miRNeasy Mini Kit (QIAGEN). miR expression profiles of DFF and NFF fibroblasts were generated by nanoString nCounter miR Expression Assays (NanoString Technologies, Seattle, WA, USA) and analyzed using nSolver2.0 software following manufacturer's instructions. Data were normalized to gene controls included in the assays.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-68185
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
68185
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-10-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-17537
name:
nCoutner Human miRNA Expression Assay, V2
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-68185/E-GEOD-68185.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-68185/E-GEOD-68185.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE68185
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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