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Title: Wnt3a-Activin A Synergy Induces eRNAPII Pause-Release and Counteracts a Yap1 Elongation Block during hESC Differentiation      
dateReleased:
05-04-2015
description:
The Wnt3a/β-catenin and Activin/Smad2,3 signaling pathways synergize to induce endodermal differentiation of human embryonic stem cells, however the mechanism is not well-understood. Using ChIP-seq and GRO-seq analyses, we report here that hESC enhancers, including Wnt3a/LEF-1 sites, hold enhancer RNAPII complexes (eRNAPII) containing high levels of Ser5P and low Ser7P. In Wnt3a signaling, β-catenin recruits cohesin to the LEF-1:eRNAPII sites to induce enhancer-promoter looping and activate transcription of mesoendodermal (ME) genes. However, paused Ser5P-RNAPII complexes accumulate at these genes, indicating that elongation remains limiting. Subsequent Activin/Smad2,3 signaling increases P-TEFb occupancy, CTD-Ser7P, and productive elongation at ME genes. Additionally, ME genes, including EOMES and MIXL1, are repressed by the Hippo regulator, Yap1, an essential pluripotency factor. GRO-seq experiments indicate that Yap1 blocks nascent transcription and controls NELF occupancy on ME genes. Thus, Wnt3a/β-catenin and Activin/Smad2,3 pathways up-regulate transcription initiation and elongation, respectively, to overcome Yap1 repression during early hESC differentiation ChIP-seq and GROseq experiments in H1 hESCs. Cells were treated with Wnt3a (200ng/ml), Activin A (100ng/ml) or Wnt3a+Activin A (W200ng/ml+A100ng/ml) for 4h (ChIP-seq) or 6h (GRO-seq). GRO-seq in YAP depleted cells were carried out following transfection with control or YAP siRNAs . After 48h transfection, cells were left untreated or treated with Wnt3a+Activin (W200ng/ml+A100ng/ml) for additional 6h.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-64758
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
64758
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-09-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-64758/E-GEOD-64758.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-64758/E-GEOD-64758.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE64758
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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