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Title: Extrachromosomal DNA (microDNA) in Human, Mouse and Chicken      
dateReleased:
05-08-2015
description:
MicroDNAs are <400-base long extrachromosomal circles found in mammalian cells. Tens of thousands of microDNAs were found in all tissue types, including sperm. MicroDNAs arose preferentially from areas with high gene density, high GC content, high exon density, promoters with activating chromatin modifications and in sperm from the 5'UTR of full-length LINE-1 elements, but were depleted from lamin-associated heterochromatin. Furthermore, analysis of microDNAs from a set of human cancer cell lines revealed lineage-specific patterns of microDNA origins. A survey of microDNAs from chicken cell lines defective in various DNA repair proteins revealed that homologous recombination repair and non-homologous end joining repair pathways are not required for microDNA production. A deletion of the MSH3 protein, involved in DNA mismatch repair, resulted in a significant decrease in microDNA abundance specifically from non-CpG areas of the genome. Thus microDNAs arise as part of normal cellular physiology, either from DNA breaks associated with RNA metabolism or from replication slippage followed by mismatch repair. Circular DNA profiling by high throughput sequencing. Five human, ten mouse and nine chicken samples are analyzed
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-68644
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
68644
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
05-22-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-68644/E-GEOD-68644.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-68644/E-GEOD-68644.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE68644
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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