Mountain View
biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem
help Advanced Search
Title: Genome-wide DNA-binding profile of the Vibrio cholerae histone-like nucleoid structuring protein (H-NS)      
dateReleased:
05-13-2015
description:
The cholera disease bacterium V. cholerae, can adopt planktonic or biofilm lifestyles depending on the intracellular concentration of the second messenger cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP). Biofilm formation protects Vibrios from stressful conditions and facilitates disease transmission by enhancing infectivity. The histone-like nucleoid structuring protein (H-NS) is a global regulator of genes associated with pathogenicity and responses to environmental stresses. H-NS represses the transcription of genes vpsT, vpsA and vpsL, which are required for the biosynthesis of the biofilm exopolysacchide matrix. Here we demonstrate that the c-di-GMP-binding protein VpsT disrupts H-NS nucleoprotein complexes at the vpsA and vpsL promoters and that this effect is enhanced by c-di-GMP. We used ChIP coupled with Next Generation Sequencing (ChIP-Seq) and transcriptome analysis (RNA-Seq) to identify additional loci repressed by H-NS affecting biofilm formation. This study showed that H-NS directly represses the transcription of genes encoding proteins present in the biofilm matrix such as the rbmA-F cluster, hemolysin and chitinase. Similar to vpsA and vpsL, the promoter region of vpsU, rbmA and rbmF exhibited overlapping H-NS and VpsT binding motifs. Deletion of vpsT increased H-NS occupancy at the vpsU, vpsA, vpsL, rbmA and rbmF promoters. Conversely, artificially increasing the c-di-GMP pool diminished H-NS occupancy at the above promoters. Deletion of vpsT did not affect H-NS occupancy at its own promoter. However, deletion of genes encoding the regulators AphA and VpsR significantly increased H-NS occupancy at the vpsT promoter. In sum, our study shows that c-di-GMP enhances biofilm formation by acting through VpsT to activate an H-NS anti-repression cascade. The Binding profile of V. cholerae H-NS to the genome was determined by ChIP followed by Next Generation Sequencing (ChIP-Seq) using the Illumina HiSeq2000 platform. V. cholerae C7258 cells expressing H-NS-FLAG fusion protein from the hns transcription and translation signals were collected from LB cultures grown to mid-exponential phase (OD600 0.5). An anti-FLAG Immunoprecipitation (IP) and an Input samples were used for the analysis.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-64249
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
64249
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-19-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Vibrio cholerae
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-64249/E-GEOD-64249.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-64249/E-GEOD-64249.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE64249
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

Feedback?

If you are having problems using our tools, or if you would just like to send us some feedback, please post your questions on GitHub.