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Title: Gene Expression Profiles of Chicken Embryo Fibroblasts in Response to Salmonella Enteritidis Infection      
dateReleased:
06-12-2015
description:
The response of chicken to non-typhoidal Salmonella infection is becoming well characterised but the role of particular cell types in this response is still far from being understood. Therefore, in this study we characterised the response of chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEFs) to infection with two different S. Enteritidis strains by microarray analysis. The expression of chicken genes identified as significantly up- or down-regulated (≥3-fold) by microarray analysis was verified by real-time PCR followed by functional classification of the genes and prediction of interactions between the proteins using Gene Ontology and STRING Database. Finally the expression of the newly identified genes was tested in HD11 macrophages and in vivo in chickens. Altogether 19 genes were induced in CEFs after S. Enteritidis infection. Twelve of them were also induced in HD11 macrophages and thirteen in the caecum of orally infected chickens. The majority of these genes were assigned different functions in the immune response, however five of them (LOC101750351, K123, BU460569, MOBKL2C and G0S2) have not been associated with the response of chicken to Salmonella infection so far. K123 and G0S2 were the only 'non-immune' genes inducible by S. Enteritidis in fibroblasts, HD11 macrophages and in the caecum after oral infection. The function of K123 is unknown but G0S2 is involved in lipid metabolism and in β-oxidation of fatty acids in mitochondria. Increased levels of G0S2 might decrease the availability of fatty acids to mitochondria. In non-professional phagocytes such as CEFs, this may lead to the dysfunction of mitochondria, apoptosis of CEFs and release of intracellular Salmonella. In professional phagocytes, G0S2 might be involved in the control of mitochondrial respiration, resulting in a decrease of reactive oxygen species as respiration by-products and lower damage to tissue. In this study we were interested whether chicken embryo fibroblast (CEFs) respond to S. Enteritidis infection and to what extent their response differs from that of other cells and caecal tissue. To address this, we characterised the gene expression of CEFs after infection with two different wild-type S. Enteritidis strains of poultry origin - SE 147 and SE 11 - using Agilen custom 8×15K microarrays. In total, 13,681 probes were designed to characterise the expression of ~9,000 transcripts of Gallus gallus.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-67459
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
67459
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-21-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Gallus gallus
ID:
A-GEOD-19971
name:
Agilent-017066 custom Gallus gallus array, 8x15K
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-67459/E-GEOD-67459.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-67459/E-GEOD-67459.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE67459
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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