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Title: Reduced a-MSH underlies hypothalamic endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced hepatic gluconeogenesis      
dateReleased:
06-18-2015
description:
Alterations in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis have been implicated in the pathophysiology of obesity and type-2 diabetes (T2D). Acute ER stress induction in the hypothalamus produces glucose metabolism perturbations. However, the neurobiological basis linking hypothalamic ER stress with abnormal glucose metabolism remains unknown. Here we report that genetic and induced models of hypothalamic ER stress are associated with alterations in systemic glucose homeostasis due to increased gluconeogenesis (GNG) independent of body weight changes. Defective alpha melanocyte-stimulating hormone (a-MSH) production underlies this metabolic phenotype, as pharmacological strategies aimed at rescuing hypothalamic a-MSH content reversed this phenotype at metabolic and molecular level. Collectively, our results posit defective a-MSH processing as a fundamental mediator of enhanced GNG in the context of hypothalamic ER stress, and establish a-MSH deficiency in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons as a potential contributor to the pathophysiology of T2D. Total RNA was extracted from whole-liver of 6-week old control (3 biological replicates) and POMCMfn2KO mice (5 biological replicates)
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-62263
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
62263
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-27-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-45
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Genome 430 2.0 [Mouse430_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-62263/E-GEOD-62263.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-62263/E-GEOD-62263.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE62263
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress
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