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Title: Ecological transcriptomics: a non-lethal sampling approach for endangered fire salamanders      
dateReleased:
06-20-2015
description:
The analysis of transcriptomes is well-established and increasingly affordable in studies at the interface of ecology and evolution. Expression analysis of thousands of genes in parallel reveals functions and pathways involved in relevant phenotypic differentiation. The application of such methods typically involves the sacrifice of the analysed organisms, which is potentially subject to ethical and legal constraints. As an alternative to lethal sampling, transcriptome analyses can be performed using small biopsies of dispensable tissues. It has to be verified, however, to what extent such results are representative of the whole organism. Here, we use a custom microarray to compare transcriptomes of tail-clip samples with those of the remaining whole-body of fire salamander larvae (Salamandra salamandra). The microarray was calibrated using target RNA to validate the performance of each probe. We varied water temperature to test whether the thermal response in gene expression can be characterized in both types of sample. A large fraction (51 %) of the differentially expressed genes showed parallel changes for both tail clips and whole bodies in response to temperature. While sets of differentially expressed were not identical, they largely belonged to the same functional categories. The gene functions thus revealed a common thermal response of larvae irrespective of the sampled tissue. This included an overexpression of mitochondrial transcripts, an expected thermal acclimatization response of ectotherms. Hence, ecological transcriptomics based on small biopsies represent an alternative to the analysis of lethally sampled tissues in situations where the sacrifice of individuals is not an option. Larvae of European Fire salamander were exposed to two different temperatures (9°C & 17°C; n(cold) = 6, n(warm) = 6, n(total) = 12). The transcriptome response to temperature was assessed based on RNA extracted from tail tips, which can be sampled without sacrificing the individual, and based on RNA extracted from the remaining whole body. Results from the analysis of both tissues were compared.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-70054
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
70054
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
06-27-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Salamandra salamandra
ID:
A-GEOD-20581
name:
Agilent-061583 S_sala_calibration_array_1
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-70054/E-GEOD-70054.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-70054/E-GEOD-70054.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE70054
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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