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Title: ß-amylase1 mutant Arabidopsis plants show improved drought tolerance due to reduced starch breakdown in guard cells      
dateReleased:
06-30-2015
description:
In plants, drought stress is a major growth limiting factor causing cell water loss through open stomata. In this study, guard cell-specific transcripts from drought-stressed Arabidopsis plants were analyzed and a down-regulation of β-amylase 1 (BAM1) was found. In previous studies, BAM1 was shown to be involved in stomatal starch degradation under ambient conditions. Impaired starch breakdown of bam1 mutant plants was accompanied by decreased stomatal opening. Here, we show that drought tolerance of bam1 mutant plants is improved as compared to wild type controls. Microarray-analysis of stomata-specific transcripts from bam1 mutant plants revealed a significant down-regulation of genes encoding aquaporins, auxin- and ethylene-responsive factors and cell-wall modifying enzymes. This expression pattern suggests that reduced water-uptake and limited cell wall extension are associated with the closed state of stomata of bam1 mutant plants. Together these data suggest that regulation of stomata-specific starch turnover is important for adapting stomata opening to environmental needs and its breeding manipulation may result in drought tolerant crop plants. Stress induced gene expression in Arabidopsis leaves and Stomata was measured after exposure to single drought stress. Drought stress conditions were analysed for both, Col-0 plants and a T-DNA insertion line for β-amylase 1. Six week old plants were treated with drought stress (5 days) according to Prasch and Sonnewald, 2013. Two to three biological replicates have been hybridized for each treatment.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-59315
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
59315
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-19-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Arabidopsis thaliana
ID:
A-GEOD-12621
name:
Agilent-021169 Arabidopsis 4 Oligo Microarray (V4) (Probe Name version)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-59315/E-GEOD-59315.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-59315/E-GEOD-59315.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE59315
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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