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Title: CCR-5 using HIV-1 induces an anti-inflammatory profile in primary macrophages      
dateReleased:
08-01-2015
description:
Macrophages are important effector cells of the immune system and play an important role in mounting inflammatory responses. Macrophages can be activated by different stimuli in the tissue, either by cytokines produced by T helper cells (M1 or M2 polarization) or by the pathogens they encounter. Macrophages are also important target cells of HIV-1 and are preferentially infected by CCR5-using viruses. In this study, we investigated the ability of HIV-1 to induce changes in gene expression in unpolarized macrophages as well as in M1 or M2 polarized cells. We observed that CCR5-using HIV-1 regulates the expression of genes that are also regulated by IL-4 in macrophages. Genes regulated by HIV-1 infection and IL-4 polarization are involved in dampening pro-inflammatory responses in macrophages, which may facilitate HIV-1 to escape from detection by other immune cells. We also observed that changes in macrophage gene expression triggered by CCR5-using HIV-1 differed from those regulated by a CXCR4-using virus. This indicates that CCR5-using HIV-1 may be able to modulate macrophage gene expression to achieve successful replication. Our results provide insight in the complex interplay between HIV-1 and cells of the immune system. Polarized macrophages were obtained by stimulation of primary human monocytes with IFN-gamma (250 U/ml) in combination with TNF-alpha (12.5 ng/ml) (M1), IL-4 (50 ng/ml) (M2a), IL-10 (50 ng/ml) (M2c) for 5 days. Cells were inoculated for 24 hours with one of two HIV-1 strains (CCR5 or CXCR4 using HIV1) or their non replicating counterparts (heat inactivated virus). Macrophages that were not stimulated wiht cyokines or inoculates with HIV-1 were used as control. A total of 16 treatment conditions were tested in triplicate, for a total of 48 samples analysed.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-55029
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
55029
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-19-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-10558
name:
Illumina HumanHT-12 V4.0 expression beadchip
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55029/E-GEOD-55029.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55029/E-GEOD-55029.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE55029
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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