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Title: The niche for extramedullar hematopoiesis in the spleen      
dateReleased:
08-01-2015
description:
Adult hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) reside primarily in bone marrow. However, hematopoietic stresses such as myelofibrosis, anemia, pregnancy, infection or myeloablation can mobilize HSCs to the spleen and induce extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH). While the bone marrow HSC niche has been studied intensively, the EMH niche has received little attention. Here, we systematically assessed the physiological sources of the key niche factors, SCF and CXCL12, in the mouse spleen after EMH induction by cyclophosphamide plus granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, blood loss, or pregnancy. In each case, Scf was expressed by endothelial cells and Tcf21+ stromal cells, primarily around sinusoids in red pulp, while Cxcl12 was expressed by a subset of Tcf21+ stromal cells. EMH induction markedly expanded the Scf-expressing endothelial cells and stromal cells by inducing proliferation. Most splenic HSCs were adjacent to Tcf21+ stromal cells in red pulp. Conditional deletion of Scf from spleen endothelial cells or Scf or Cxcl12 from Tcf21+ stromal cells severely reduced spleen EMH and reduced blood cell counts without affecting bone marrow hematopoiesis. Endothelial cells and Tcf21+ stromal cells thus create the splenic EMH niche, which is necessary for the physiological response to diverse hematopoietic stresses. Unfractionated spleen cells (2 replicates) and FACS-sorted VE-cadherein negative Scf-GFP positive cells (3 replicates)
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-71288
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
71288
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-20-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-AFFY-130
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array [MoGene-1_0-st-v1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-71288/E-GEOD-71288.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-71288/E-GEOD-71288.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE71288
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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