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Title: In-Vitro Cell Adhesion Assay      
dateReleased:
08-01-2015
description:
Cigarette smoke (CS) has been reported to affect the adhesion of monocytes to endothelial cells, a critical step in atherogenesis. Using an in vitro adhesion assay together with innovative computational systems biology approaches to analyze omics data, our study aimed at investigating CS-induced mechanisms by which monocyte-endothelial cell adhesion is promoted. Disease-relevant primary human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) were treated for 4 hours with (1) conditioned media of human monocytic Mono Mac-6 (MM6) cells preincubated with low or high concentrations of aqueous CS extract (sbPBS) from reference cigarette 3R4F for 2 hours (indirect treatment, I), (2) unconditioned media similarly prepared, however without MM6 cells (direct treatment, D), or (3) freshly generated sbPBS (fresh direct treatment, FD). sbPBS promoted MM6 cells-HCAECs adhesion following I and FD, but not D. In I, the effect was mediated at a low concentration through activation of vascular inflammation processes promoted in HCAECs by a paracrine effect of the soluble mediators secreted by sbPBS-treated MM6 cells. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha major inducer, was actually shed by unstable CS compound-activated TNFalpha-converting enzyme. In FD, the effect was triggered at a high concentration that also induced some toxicity. This effect was mediated through an yet unknown mechanism associated with a stress damage response promoted in HCAECs by unstable CS compounds present in freshly generated sbPBS, which had decayed in D unconditioned media. In conclusion, aqueous CS extract directly and indirectly promotes monocytic cell-endothelial cell adhesion in vitro via distinct concentration-dependent mechanisms. Samples from E-MTAB-3644 dataset correspond to 3R4F sbPBS15 and PBS15 (vehicle control: 15% v/v). In the E-MTAB-3923 dataset, samples correspond to THS2.2 abPBS15, THS2.2 abPBS75 and PBS75 (75% v/v). All THS2.2 abPBS15 from E-MTAB-3923 must be compared with their respective control, PBS15 from E-MTAB-3644; while THS2.2 abPBS75 from E-MTAB-3923 must be compared with their respective control, PBS75 from E-MTAB-3923.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-MTAB-3644
refinement:
raw
dateSubmitted:
04-07-2014
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
10-05-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AFFY-44
name:
Affymetrix GeneChip Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 [HG-U133_Plus_2]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-MTAB-3644/E-MTAB-3644.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-MTAB-3644/E-MTAB-3644.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress