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Title: Epigenome-wide and Transcriptome-wide Analyses Reveal Gestational Diabetes is Associated with Alterations in the Human Leukocyte Antigen Complex [gene expression]      
dateReleased:
08-03-2015
description:
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects approximately 18% of pregnancies in the United States and increases the risk of adverse health outcomes in the offspring. These adult disease propensities may be set by anatomical and molecular alterations in the placenta associated with GDM. To assess the mechanistic aspects of fetal programming, we measured genome-wide methylation (Infinium HumanMethylation450 Beadchips) and expression (Affymetrix Transcriptome Microarrays) in placental tissue of 41 GDM cases and 41 matched pregnancies without maternal complications from the Harvard Epigenetic Birth Cohort. Specific transcriptional and epigenetic perturbations associated with GDM status included alterations in the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) region, which were validated in an independent cohort, the Rhode Island Child Health Study. Gene ontology enrichment among gene regulation influenced by GDM revealed an over-representation of immune response pathways among differential expression, reflecting these coordinated changes in the MHC region. Our study represents the largest investigation of transcriptomic and methylomic differences associated with GDM, providing comprehensive insight into the molecular basis of GDM induced fetal (re)programming. RNA extracted from the placentas (maternal-side) of 30 clinically-confirmed cases of GDM and 25 pregnancies without maternal complications was hybridised to the GeneChip® Human Transcriptome Array 2.0 (Affymetrix). Four samples were run in triplicate.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-70493
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
70493
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-20-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-GEOD-17586
name:
[HTA-2_0] - Affymetrix GeneChip HTA-2_0 - Gene Level - HTA-2_0.r1.Psrs.mps probesets
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-70493/E-GEOD-70493.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-70493/E-GEOD-70493.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE70493
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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