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Title: Pituitary tumors contain a side population with 'tumor stem cell'-associated characteristics [set 1]      
dateReleased:
08-04-2015
description:
Pituitary adenomas cause significant endocrine and mass-related morbidity. Not much is known about mechanisms underlying pituitary tumor pathogenesis.We searched for a side population (SP) in pituitary tumor, representing cells with high efflux capacity and potentially enriching for cancer/tumor stem cells (CSC/TSC). Human pituitary adenomas contain a SP irrespective of hormonal phenotype. This adenoma SP, as well as the further purified SP (pSP) depleted from endothelial and immune cells, enriches for cells that express ‘tumor stemness’ markers and signaling pathways, including epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-linked factors. The adenomas were found to contain self-renewing sphere-forming cells, considered a property of TSC. The sphere-initiating cells were retrieved in the pSP.Because benign pituitary adenomas do not grow in vitro and failed to expand in immunodeficient mice, the pituitary tumor cell line AtT20 was further used. We identified a SP in this cell line and found it more tumorigenic than the main population (MP). Of the two EMT-regulatory pathways tested, inhibition of Cxcr4 signaling reduced EMT-linked cell motility in vitro as well as xenograft tumor growth, whereas activation of TGFβ had no effect.The tumor pSP showed upregulated expression of the pituitary stem cell marker SOX2. Pituitaries from dopamine receptor D2 knockout (Drd2-/-) mice bearing prolactinomas, contain more pSP, Sox2+ and colony-forming cells than wildtype glands.In conclusion, we detected a SP in pituitary tumors and identified TSC-associated characteristics. Our study may contribute to a better understanding of pituitary tumor pathogenesis and lead to new therapeutic targets. We determined gene expression profiles for 9 human pituitary adenoma samples (5 x NF-A; 4 x GH-A). The samples were obtained immediately after transsphenoidal resection (by the neurosurgeon Dr. van Loon, Division Neurosurgery, University Hospitals Leuven). Informed consent was received from the patients. Hormonal phenotype was determined by the Department of Imaging and Pathology (University Hospitals Leuven). For each sample, total SP and MP cells were sorted by FACS. Separate assays were run subsequently for the two fractions. As such we present data from 18 microarrays.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-62866
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
62866
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
09-21-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Homo sapiens
ID:
A-AGIL-28
name:
Agilent Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K 014850 G4112F (85 cols x 532 rows)
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-62866/E-GEOD-62866.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-62866/E-GEOD-62866.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE62866
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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