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Title: Zelda overcomes the high intrinsic nucleosome barrier at enhancers during Drosophila zygotic genome activation      
dateReleased:
08-21-2015
description:
A central question in biology is how enhancers are made accessible. The Drosophila embryo is a good model system to study this question as the gene regulatory networks regulating early developmental events have been well characterized. Zelda (Zld) is a uniformly distributed transcription factor (TF) integral to these networks, acting prior to and in collaboration with the patterning TFs to regulate target enhancers. Here we test the hypothesis that Zld directs TF binding, examplified by Dorsal (Dl) which patterns the dorsoventral axis, across the genome by displacing nucleosomes at enhancers. By performing ChIP-seq and MNase-seq experiments on early embryos with or without Zld, we demonstrated that early enhancers are characterized by an intrinsically high nucleosome barrier, which is overcome by Zld, and that without Zld, Dl binding decreases at enhancers and redistributes to open regions devoid of enhancer activity. We propose that enhancers are initially specified across the genome by the binding of Zld, which locally decreases nucleosome occupancy, thereby assisting TFs in accessing their binding motifs and promoting transcriptional activity. Zld, Dl, Pol II ChIP-seq and MNase-seq profiles comparing 2-3h wild-type (wt) and zld- embryos, and MNase-seq profiles comparing 2-4h wt and gd7 embryos, all in 2 replicates
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-65441
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
65441
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
08-29-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Drosophila melanogaster
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-65441/E-GEOD-65441.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-65441/E-GEOD-65441.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE65441
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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