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Title: Genotoxicity after adeno-associated virus (AAV) gene therapy is dependent upon dose, treatment age and enhancer-promoter selection (microRNA)      
dateReleased:
09-01-2015
description:
AAV gene therapy has recently been approved for clinical use and shown to be efficacious and safe in a growing number of clinical trials. However, the safety of AAV as a gene therapy has been challenged by a few studies that documented hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after AAV gene delivery in mice. The association between AAV and HCC has been difficult to reconcile and is the subject of intense debate because numerous AAV studies have not reported toxicity. Here, we report a comprehensive study of HCC in a large number of mice following therapeutic AAV gene delivery. Using a sensitive high-throughput integration site-capture technique and global expressional analysis, we found that AAV integration into the Rian locus and the over-expression of a proximal gene, Rtl1, were associated with HCC. In addition, we identify a number of genes with differential expression that maybe useful in the study, diagnosis and treatment of HCC. We demonstrate that AAV vector dose, enhancer-promoter selection, and the timing of gene delivery are the defining factors in AAV-mediated insertional mutagenesis. Our results help explain the AAV-mediated genotoxicity previously observed and have important implications for the design of both safer AAV vectors and gene therapy studies. To investigate the possibility that insertional mutagenesis by AAV contributed to the development of HCC, we collected normal and tumor tissues from adult mouse livers that received AAV injection at a neonatal stage.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-61632
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
61632
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
09-06-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-16384
name:
[miRNA-3] Affymetrix Multispecies miRNA-3 Array [miRNA-3_0] or [miRNA-3_1]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-61632/E-GEOD-61632.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-61632/E-GEOD-61632.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE61632
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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