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Title: Wide-scale transcriptome disturbance underlies liver and kidney pathology from chronic ultra low dose Roundup exposure [liver]      
dateReleased:
09-04-2015
description:
Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBH) are the major pesticides used worldwide. Converging evidence suggests that GBH residues pose a particular risk to the kidneys and liver. However, the existence of biological effects with negative health implications at low environmentally relevant doses remains unresolved. A previous investigation addressed this issue, by conducting a 2-year feeding study, which included 10 female Sprague Dawley rats administered via drinking water with 0.1 ppb of a major Roundup formulation (50 ng/L glyphosate equivalent dilution). Hepatorenal toxicities, as well as urine and blood biochemistry disturbances at the 15th month of age were observed. In an effort to obtain molecular mechanistic insight into the underlying causes of these pathologies, we have carried out a transcriptome microarray analysis of the liver and kidneys from these same animals. The expression of 4224 and 4447 genes were found to be disturbed respectively in liver and kidney (p<0.01, q<0.08, fold change >1.1). Among the 1319 genes whose expression was altered in both tissues, 3 functional categories were over-represented. First, genes involved in mRNA splicing and small nucleolar RNA were mostly upregulated, suggesting disruption of normal spliceosome activity. Electron microscopic analysis of hepatocytes confirmed nucleolar structural disruption. Second, genes controlling chromatin structure (especially histone-lysine N-methyltransferases) were mostly upregulated. Third, genes related to respiratory chain complex I and the tricarboxylic acid cycle were mostly downregulated. The transcription factor networks that can account for these disruptions were centered on CREB1, ESR1, YY1, c-Myc and Oct3/4 activity, which are known to closely cooperate in the regulation of gene expression after hormonal stimulation. The analysis of pathways and toxicity processes showed that these disturbances in gene expression were representative of fibrosis, necrosis, phospholipidosis, mitochondrial membrane dysfunction and ischemia, which correlate with the pathologies observed at an anatomical and histological level. Our results suggest that new studies incorporating testing principles from endocrinology and developmental epigenetics need to be performed to investigate potential consequences of exposure to low dose, environmental levels of GBH and glyphosate. Ten female rats were fed drinking water containing 0.1ppb Roundup formulation (50 ng/L glyphosate equivalent dilution). Ten control female rats were fed untreated drinking water. Samples of liver and kidney were taken for gene expression analysis.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-66058
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
66058
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
09-13-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Rattus norvegicus
ID:
A-GEOD-17117
name:
[RaGene-2_0-st] Affymetrix Rat Gene 2.0 ST Array [transcript (gene) version]
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-66058/E-GEOD-66058.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-66058/E-GEOD-66058.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE66058
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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