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Title: miRNA expression patterns in immature and CpG stimulated murine BMDCs      
dateReleased:
09-04-2015
description:
Toll-like receptor (TLR)-induced maturation of dendritic cells (DCs) leads to the production of proinflammatory cytokines as well as the upregulation of various molecules involved in T cell activation. These are believed to be the critical events that account for the induction of the adaptive immune response. Here, we have examined the role of micro-RNA-155 (miR-155) in DC function and the induction of immunity. Using a model where the transfer of self-antigen-pulsed, TLR-matured DCs can induce a functional CD8 T cell response and autoimmunity, we find that DCs lacking miR-155 have an impaired ability to break immune tolerance. Importantly, transfer of self- antigen-pulsed DCs overexpressing miR-155 was sufficient to break tolerance in the absence of TLR stimuli. Although these unstimulated DCs induced T cell function in vivo, there was no evidence for the upregulation of costimulatory ligands or cytokine secretion. Further analysis showed that miR-155 influenced the level of the phosphatase SHIP1 in DCs, and that the lack of SHIP1 in DCs was sufficient to break T cell tolerance in vivo, again in the absence of TLR induced DC maturation. Our study demonstrates that the overexpression of miR-155 in DCs is a critical event that is alone sufficient to break self tolerance and promote a CD8-mediated autoimmune response in vivo. This process is independent of the induction of conventional DC maturation markers, indicating that miR-155 regulation of SHIP represents a unique axis that regulates DC function in vivo. Dendritic cell culture: Bone marrow was flushed from tibias and femurs of mice with HBSS. Bone marrow cells were cultured at 2x106 cells/ml in 10 ml non-tissue culture treated dishes in RPMI 1640 containing 10% LPS-free FBS, Penicillin:streptomycin glutamine 2-mercaptoethanol (cRPMI), with 40ng/ml murine GM-CSF (Peprotech). On day 3 of cultures 10ml of fresh media was added also containing 40ng/ml GM-CSF. On days 6 and 8, 10ml of media was removed and centrifuged to collect cells, which were resuspended in 10ml fresh media containing GM-CSF and were added back to dishes. Non-adherent cells were isolated on day 9. DCs were plated in 24-well plates at 2x106 cells/ml in 1ml of cRPMI with or without the class B CpG ODN1826 (ACGT DNA Technologies corporation, Toronto, ON, Canada) at 10μM final concentration overnight. Array analysis of mi-RNA expression: BMDCs from WT mice were either stimulated with CpG or left in media alone overnight. Whole RNA was isolated using mirVana miRNA isolation kit following the manufacturers instructions. RNA samples were labeled and hybridized to Agilent mouse miRNA 8x15K arrays (Agilent). Data was generated from 8 individual samples (4 unstimulated and 4 CpG-treated).
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-72716
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
72716
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
09-12-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Mus musculus
ID:
A-GEOD-8824
name:
Agilent-019119 Mouse miRNA Microarray 1.0 G4472A
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-72716/E-GEOD-72716.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-72716/E-GEOD-72716.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE72716
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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