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Title: Simultaneous Host-Pathogen transcriptome analysis during Granulibacter bethesdensis infection of normal and chronic granulomatous disease neutrophils      
dateReleased:
09-08-2015
description:
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) from patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) fail to produce microbicidal concentrations of reactive oxygen species due to mutations in NOX2. Patients with CGD suffer from severe, life-threatening infections and inflammatory complications. Granulibacter bethesdensis is an emerging Gram-negative pathogen in CGD that resists killing by CGD PMN and inhibits PMN apoptosis through unknown mechanisms. Microarray analysis was used to study mRNA expression in normal and CGD PMN during incubation with G. bethesdensis and, simultaneously, in G. bethesdensis with normal and CGD PMN. We detected upregulation of anti-apoptotic genes (e.g., XIAP, GADD45B) and downregulation of pro-apoptotic genes (e.g., CASP8, APAF1) in infected PMN. Transcript and protein levels of inflammation and immunity-related genes were also altered. Upon interaction with PMN, G. bethesdensis altered expression of ROS-resistance genes in the presence of normal but not CGD PMN. Bacterial stress response genes, including ClpB, increased during phagocytosis by both normal and CGD PMN demonstrating responses to oxygen-independent PMN antimicrobial systems. Antisense knock down demonstrated that ClpB is dispensable for extracellular growth but is essential for bacterial resistance to both normal and CGD PMN. Metabolic adaptation of Granulibacter growth in PMN included upregulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase. Pharmacologic inhibition of pyruvate dehydrogenase by triphenylbismuthdichloride was lethal to Granulibacter. This study expands knowledge of microbial pathogenesis by Granulibacter in cells from permissive (CGD) and non-permissive (normal) hosts and identifies potentially druggable microbial factors, such as pyruvate dehydrogenase and ClpB, to help combat this antibiotic-resistant pathogen. pathogen time series 0-1-4-24 in CGD subjects and normals : host time series 0-1-4-24 in CGD subjects and normals non-infected and infected with Gb
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-55849
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
55849
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
09-12-2015
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55849/E-GEOD-55849.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-55849/E-GEOD-55849.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE55849
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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