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Title: Transcription profiling by high throughput sequencing of berries at distinct stages of noble rot caused by Botrytis cinerea      
dateReleased:
10-12-2015
description:
Noble rot results from atypical infections of ripe grape berries by Botrytis cinerea. Unlike bunch rot, noble rot promotes favorable changes in grape berries and accumulation of secondary metabolites that enhance wine grape quality. Noble rot-infected berries of Sémillon, a white-skinned variety, were collected over three years from a commercial vineyard at the same time fruit were harvested for botrytized wine production. Transcriptomic and metabolomic data were integrated to identify pathways associated with distinct stages of noble rot. Botrytis induced the expression of known key regulators of pathways in secondary metabolism associated with berry ripening. The activation by Botrytis during noble rot of metabolic pathways associated with berry ripening was further supported by comparisons with transcriptomes of red-skinned varieties at véraison. A prominent and common outcome of noble rot and berry ripening was the enhancement of the phenylpropanoid metabolism. Induced synthesis of stilbenes, flavonoids, and anthocyanins was supported by both transcriptional and metabolite analyses. Enzyme assays and targeted gene expression analyses of samples from the three distinct years confirmed that the activation of central and peripheral phenylpropanoid pathways is a consistent hallmark of noble rot. Finally, we show that the impact of noble rot on grape metabolism is still detectable in botrytized wines. These results demonstrate that despite the late stage of terminal senescence of a plant organ, a biotic stress can cause a major reprogramming of plant metabolism leading, in case of noble rot, to the synthesis of important metabolites for grape berry flavor and aroma. The experimental design consists of 4 treatments, berries at 3 distinct stages of noble rot and berries without apparent symptoms of infection. From each treatment a total of 4 biological replicates were sequenced with RNAseq, each replicate corresponded to independent pools of 10-15 berries harvested from adjacent grapevines.
privacy:
not applicable
aggregation:
instance of dataset
ID:
E-GEOD-67932
refinement:
raw
alternateIdentifiers:
67932
keywords:
functional genomics
dateModified:
10-31-2016
availability:
available
types:
gene expression
name:
Vitis vinifera
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-67932/E-GEOD-67932.raw.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/files/E-GEOD-67932/E-GEOD-67932.processed.1.zip
storedIn:
ArrayExpress
qualifier:
gzip compressed
format:
TXT
accessType:
download
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
accessURL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/query/acc.cgi?acc=GSE67932
storedIn:
Gene Expression Omnibus
qualifier:
not compressed
format:
HTML
accessType:
landing page
primary:
true
authentication:
none
authorization:
none
abbreviation:
EBI
homePage: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/
ID:
SCR:004727
name:
European Bioinformatics Institute
homePage: https://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/
ID:
SCR:002964
name:
ArrayExpress

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